lunes, 28 de septiembre de 2009

Olga Tañón: Cuba is a country with lots of dignity
Google translation.
Edited by Walter Lippmann.

CAROLINA, Puerto Rico (AP) Olga Tañón admitted Friday the artists who participated in the Peace Without Boundaries concert in Cuba felt a lot of pressure before starting the show, but described the final result as wonderful.''
The singer arrived on Friday in her native Puerto Rico, where she was received by Secretary of State Kenneth McClintock, who supported their participation in the controversial show on Sunday.
"I think people misunderstood the production, thought that we had required white shirts but no, we let in anyone without a white shirt,'' said the song stylist at a press conference upon arrival at the airport.
That, plus the perception that Juanes was under surveillance and other trifles, made me think that there was excessive pressure. To me, that was a micro, which happened at the concert was the macro,'' he said.
Added to the criticism that I'm not going to put a fight with anybody,'' and said that everyone knows I'm not a Communist. If so would call me to laugh.''
' What I say is what I found in Cuba was not what I was told. It is true that Cubans lack many things, but nobody is crying. It is a people with dignity,'' the Puerto Rican said, adding that she would accept another invitation to sing there. Tañón return to her homeland to suffer the effects of laryngitis prevented her from saying much, the point was to interrupt the press conference several minutes by a bout of coughing. For the artist, the purpose of bringing peace to Cuba was totally fulfilled. We cried, we worked.
But when we saw the result we realized that we were right. I have not stopped to mourn because the result was wonderful. Cuba gave its all and showed she is ready for the world,'' she said.
On Thursday, we learned that hours before the historic concert in Havana Juanes threatened to cancel the event, supposedly infuriated by the constant surveillance by Cuban officials and rumors that the police were blocking the passage of the concert audience. In a video captured by reporters at the National Hotel in Havana on Sunday morning, Juanes states: It was very annoying, very annoying ...
We're here for young people of Cuba, Cuba's future ... We found a barrier very strong and we will not allow ... We have come with all the love, with all respect. This can not continue. It's over.'' However, on Friday Cuba's official Granma newspaper said that the images were shown out of context and Juanes's manager , Fernan Martinez, in Miami, confirmed the version in the newspaper

martes, 22 de septiembre de 2009

Juanes won the battle with a dove

Marta Rojas • La Habana
Google translation. Revised by Walter Lippmann.

Sunday September 20, 2009 is recorded in our memory where we had the privilege of enjoying Juanes' Paz Sin Fronteras concert, in the Plaza de la Revolucion in Havana, or any part of the island and the world where it was shown on television.
We have experienced a cultural and humanistic event par excellence, truly momentous and unprecedented, given their proportions in terms of attendance of well over a million people, almost all in their twenties, and international and local.
That the Colombian Juanes, intimately enjoying the birth of Dante, his first son, as stated in the Cuban capital, has set an example of solidarity and love is unquestionable. Thus, it earned a spot in the history of Latin American artistic culture to have proposed and brought about a concert for peace. It was called on short notice and drew other artists of outstanding quality and reputation,. Among these were his friend Bosé, Olga Tañón, who exuded joy and transmitted in bulk and without losing the infectious Creole rhythm more than once, shouted excitedly the brotherhood of his country and Cuba with the words of poet Lola Rodriguez de Tio, who José Martí made famous: "Cuba and Puerto Rico are two wings if a bird."
Tañón entered the concert in triumph and the level never dropped for over five uninterrupted hours.
That day a universal battle was won with a single dove, that of Peace, who flew around the world from the hands of Juanes and his friends in Latin America, Spain and Italy, in brotherhood with the Cubans.
There were many surprises, among them the Cucú Diamante "parragueña Cuban" -- as they call her -- was done with the group call-Yerbabuena, and the Yoruba drums of Andabo.
The experts will tell you otherwise but this afternoon also showed that Latinos snatched the scepter of classic rock in the world.
Only natural water bottles, candy or other treats were enough to keep the Revolution Square, full of joy and rhythmic movement, more than a million of our youth.
Outcome: The expected with Formell and his Van Van, which was joined by other artists in the foreground Juanes, Olga, Danny Rivera, Bose and others. Tears of joy and emotional love for Cuba and for peace. Formell understand was a telling phrase "who was hurt was hurt and the Juanes concert for peace, Cuba earned it."
This is a golden chapter of men and women of goodwill in the world. Thank you, Colombian Juanes.

domingo, 13 de septiembre de 2009

Cuba: Raul Castro Heads Homage to Almeida

Havana, Sep 13 (Prensa Latina) Cuban President Raul Castro on Sunday headed the homage the Cuban people is paying to Commander of the Revolution Juan Almeida Bosque, who died on Friday night.
The president, accompanied by Almeida's relatives, put a flower near the image of the outstanding revolutionary fighter at the Revolution Square's Jose Marti Memorial hall, where the ceremony develops until this evening.
So did Commanders of the Revolution Ramiro Valdes and Guillermo Garcia, as well as the rest of the members of the Political Bureau of the Cuban Communist Party's Central Committee.
A Guard of Honor escorts the image, while thousands of Cubans have been paying tribute since very early today to the commander who was linked to all transcendental events of the revolutionary process.
The burial will take place later next week at the memorial site of the Third Guerilla Front in the province of Santiago de Cuba.

viernes, 11 de septiembre de 2009

Tania Bruguera investigada por repartir cocaína

BOGOTÁ, 11 Set 2009 (AFP) - Una obra de "arte político" de la cubana Tania Bruguera, programada en la estatal Universidad Nacional en Bogotá, terminó convertida en un caso judicial debido al reparto de cocaína a los asistentes que abarrotaban el auditorio, informó la fiscalía.
La presencia de la artista cubana en la Universidad Nacional formó parte del VII Encuentro del Instituto Hemisférico de Performance y Política que investiga las prácticas corporales en el arte, financiado con fondos públicos, según señaló la Fiscalía en un comunicado.
"La única responsable de esta obra fui yo", aceptó Bruguera tras recordar que fueron "tres o cuatro bandejas de cocaína, y cada una con 20 líneas", las que se repartieron en medio de la manifestación artística que incluía una mesa redonda a la que asistían ex guerrilleros de izquierda, ex paramilitares de derecha e intelectuales.
En declaraciones telefónicas desde Estados Unidos a la radio RCN de Bogotá, la artista se negó a responder cómo y con quién consiguió la droga, señalando que como "como persona que hace arte político, soy responsable y no voy a decir quiénes me ayudaron a conseguir algún elemento de mi trabajo".
Bruguera dijo que los organizadores del certamen no conocían hasta dónde llegaría la situación.
Este viernes, la Fiscalía informó en un comunicado que "comenzó la etapa de indagación preliminar, para establecer si en la Universidad Nacional fueron distribuidos alucinógenos a los asistentes a la presentación de una artista internacional".

Gloria Estefan: "Voluntary CIA agent?"

By M. H. Lagarde

Google translation. Slightly revised by Walter Lippmann.

According to People magazine, if fate had not put Gloria Estefan in the music world, probably the Cuban singer would have become a spy. She was then still very young and by her ability with languages, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) United States proposed that she go to work for it.
"They realized that I was someone who could pass as a regular person without raising any eyebrow. So the CIA approached me and wanted me to train in their Atlanta headquarters," said the 52 year-old song interpreter to the
Telemundo TV program Al red vivo with Maria Celeste Arraras. She explained that the offer came while working as an interpreter of Spanish, English and French Customs at Miami International Airport. The Cuban said her mother influenced her decision saying she should not consider the proposal, having already suffered a lot from her father's political activities. However, besides the knowledge of several languages, the history of her father may have been one of the reasons that the CIA proposed that she join their ranks.
Her father, Jose Fajardo, had been a bodyguard for the dictator Fulgencio Batista and was imprisoned in Cuba after being captured during the mercenary invasion of Bay at the Pigs in 1961. Fajardo, then fled to Florida, where he was granted citizenship and later joined the U.S. Army to fight in Vietnam.
However, the famous singer of the eighties, admits it had been an attractive offer. "Maybe I made the decision [to do], he said, What better cover to go as a singer, talking to the chairs, talking to the Kings, close to all the people who wanted access? So, who knows ?
The truth is that agent or not, at least in regard to its retrograde position on Cuba, such a father-of ...- both the singer and her husband, music impresario Emilio Estefan, have done a great service to the Agency.


viernes, 4 de septiembre de 2009

Placido Domingo Backs Juanes' Concert in Cuba

Bogota, Sep 3 (Prensa Latina) Spanish tenor Placido Domingo offered support to the September 20 concert of Juanes in Havana.
Placido, who will sing Saturday in Cartagena de Indias, wished he could sing in Cuba despite pressures from Miami, adding that Juanes' bravery deserves wide support.
The renowned tenor also called for general cooperation and to allow everyone to travel on free will, and called Juanes brave for enduring adverse reaction to his work for peace.
Placido Domingo called the Colombian musician brave for carrying his music to the Cuban people and wishes he could walk in the streets of Havana.

martes, 1 de septiembre de 2009

Silvio Rodriguez on Juanes Havana Concert

(PL) The announcement in Havana of the concert Peace without Frontiers, promoted by the Colombian musician Juanes, next September 20th at the Revolution Square, has aroused diverse opinions. In the Island, there is expectation for the meeting. There is also a grateful attitude for the recognition to Cuba's voice in the name of Peace.
One of the guest artists, the Cuban singer-songwriter Silvio Rodriguez, in an interview granted to La Jiribilla, on answering about the "concerns" aroused by such an "audacity", reaffirms it as "an event of Peace that bothers the extreme right-wing, because the nature of these people is aggressive, as well as the blockade, and because the idea and the fact of peace undermines the hatred that feed them".
When the strains of the performance in the Ecuadorian city of Guayaquil, on the occasion of the commemoration of the independent war of August 10, 1809, could still be heard, Silvio, who sang songs that constitute a substantial part of the song history of this continent before some 25 000 people at the Model Stadium, shared some reflections with this magazine.
The concert by the Colombian musician Juanes at the Revolution Square has a previous and spontaneous story in Havana. Tell us about this story and its antecedents.
The antecedents, regarding my own person, began by a phone call of the Ministry of Culture to tell me that Juanes wanted to give a Concert for Peace in Havana and he was coming to Cuba to talk about that. I was called because there was going to be a dinner and they wanted me to attend. There I met Juanes and I heard him speak about the project for the first time. He asked me if I wanted to take part and I said yes. I had seen the first concert for Peace they had made at the border between Colombia and Venezuela on TV and it seemed positive to me.
During the launch of the book Cancionero (Song book) you mentioned that at the age of 20 you believed that poetry could change the world and now, at the age of 60, you were convinced that you couldn't change it, but you could in deed make it much better. Can this concert by Juanes in Cuba provide evidence of such certainty?
That is correct; I don't believe that a song or a concert can change the complex reality overnight, but without a doubt an event like this one can be a strong message of Peace will, in this case between the United States and Cuba, countries that are separated by half-century discrepancies. In my opinion, this concert intends to join the voices of many here and there who want the situation to become normal and that everybody can live the way they want, respecting differences.
The idea of this musical event has caused a huge stir in Miami accusing it of being a politicized concert. Why can an event in favor of Peace bother so much?
The voices condemning this concert are not the voices of the immense majority of the Cuban emigrant workers. Even less the voices of the 11 million people who live in Cuba. The awkward and aggressive voices are of the small but very powerful Cuban extreme right-wing that goes hand in hand with the US extreme right-wing (it is common knowledge what this extreme right-wing does all over the world). An event of Peace bothers the extreme right-wing because the nature of these people is aggressive, as well as the blockade, because the idea and the fact of Peace undermine the hatred that feeds them.
There are many outbreaks of wars all over the world: military, ideological, economic And this concert is dedicated to oppose Peace to such conflicts. In favor of what causes or against what acts is it worthy to "sh oot" songs?
Juanes says he wants this concert to be white; he has also said that white is the lack of color; therefore I deduce that Juanes doesn't want any idea prevailing over another one; he wants everyone to have the same opportunity. I believe that in this concert there is space for all the songs transmitting aspects of the human condition, which is a very diverse and very rich thing, apart from ideologies. Therefore, everything that means respect to the right to life, to education, to freedom and to diversity will be valid. And rather than "shooting" I guess that it will be a concert where songs will be blown so that the wind helped by satellites takes them every where softly as possible.
Among your songs, there are several against war. Will we hear some of them at the concert? Maybe some advance of the new production "Segunda cita" (Second appointment).
To make the program I guess that first we need to know how many artists will take part in it. Then we can have an idea of the repertory that each will play.
Segunda cita is a disk that is pretty focused on the Cuban reality; I could maybe sing some of those. I don't know yet. At some point I thought of singing "Rabo de nube" (Small tornado), which I couldn't sing at the homage to Pete Seeger. I have also thought about "Días y flores" (Days and flowers). But I could also dust revive one, entitled "Blanco" (White), which I composed forty years ago.
To sing at the Revolution Square is a duty, recalling your anthological song. What meaning does it have to do it today, in the present circumstances and accompanied by all these musicians?
It continues to be a duty and, of course, also a pleasure.
You have just given several concerts in Ecuador, one of the centers of the social renewal that takes place in Latin America. Taking into account the experience of this visit, your contact with the people, together with the recent facts of the coup d'état in Honduras, the world crisis and the Yankee military bases in Colombia, what sings or lessons born in this context should be a lesson for the most immediate Latin American future?
I think that the coup d'état in Honduras is very similar to the one given by Pinochet in Chile and I think that they didn't do it alone here either. The ambitious ones have stained once more the dignity of the Armed Forces of a Latin American country. There are many bullet wounded and if there are less dead people it is because of the alert presence of TeleSur. It is obvious that the Honduran people will say the last word. On the other hand, the intensity of what we have lived in Asuncion and Guayaquil reinforces my faith that the second Latin American independence continues.

jueves, 27 de agosto de 2009

Cuban defectors: why do they call it “political asylum” when they actually mean “more money”?

Published by J.Parra – August 27, 2009A CubaNews translation. Edited by Walter Lippmann.

Three Cuban basketball players – Georvis Elías Sayus, Grismay Paumier, Taylor García and Geofry Silvestre– decided to defect from the national team while in Grand Canary Island, claiming that “they could not make any progress in Cuba”.“We had made up our mind since we took the plane in our country”, said Sayus, one of the team’s most experienced players.
“We planned everything together with Geofry. We wished to keep doing what we like to do. And we don’t want to have a dispute about political issues, but we could not stand it any longer; in Cuba we were not able to develop our basketball skills”. So to develop their basketball skills they asked for “political asylum”. Surreal, especially as they don’t want to have a “dispute about political issues”.
What’s funny is that some spiteful journalists and anti-Cuban propagandists encourage them, cover their case in their newspapers and don’t even have the decency to disclose the real motives behind their alleged “political asylum”. Small wonder, when the ultimate goal has always been to destroy the Revolution.These individuals ask for “political asylum” just because they want to make more money, and I assume they will get it.
Wishing to be better at what you do is no doubt an absolutely legitimate aspiration; what’s immoral and despicable is to request a “political asylum” never granted to others who are really persecuted in their countries, as in the case of Colombia.Well, I propose that all engineers, architects, athletes, writers, artists, etc. from all over the Third World to show up at the embassies of the rich countries to ask for “political asylum” in order to make progress in their professions.
I also propose to the thousands of men and women who arrive in Spain from the Third World that they should do the same. Do not authenticate your papers. There’s a simpler solution: ask for political asylum so you can make progress.The anti-Cuban propaganda, the blatant counterrevolutionary misinformation, and the journalistic trash written by the most evil-minded reporters of this country will continue to call those who leave Cuba “political refugees”.
I wonder whether they also refer to the Spaniards who live in Cuba as “political refugees” who escaped from capitalism and the Bourbon regime and took refuge in a socialist country.Allow me to state my disrespect, even at the risk of being “politically incorrect”, for those who pretend to be considered as “political refugees” when all they want is more money.

martes, 18 de agosto de 2009

Cuba: Gold and Silver in Triple Jump (F) Final

Berlin, Aug 17 (Prensa Latina) The Cuban triple jump female competitors Yargelis Savigne and Mabel Gay gave the first medals to Cuba in the World Cup in Berlin Monday by winning the gold and silver, respectively.
Savigne, 24 years old, achieved 14.95 meters in the fifth beat of jumps to repeat her title in Osaka, Japan in 2007 and be ratified as the best in the season in the specialty.
Gay achieved 14.61 meters, her better performance of the year, and assured a silver medal for which very few experts bet before the competition.
Among the big losers there was Russian Tatyana Lebedeva who finished sixth with 14.37 meters, while her countryfellow Anna Pyatykh took the bronze with 14.58.
Jamaican Trecia Smith finished fifth with 14.48 meters and Brazilian Gisele of Oliveira twelfth with 14.19.
The analysts considered Savigne the favorite to take the gold medal in the World Cup, but few hoped Gay reached the podium.
In the female triple jump competition the results were distant of those gotten one year before by the participants in the Olympic Games in Beijing in 2008, won by Cameroon s Francoise Mbango-Etone, who finished with 15.39 meters. In the Olympic Games, Savigne achieved 15.05 but could not pass of the fifth position.
In the Japanese city Cuba got also a silver medal thanks to hammer thrower Gipsi Moreno and a bronze medal with female discus thrower Yarelis Barrios.

martes, 11 de agosto de 2009


The concept of nation emerged from the combination of common elements such as history, language, culture, costumes, laws, institutions and others related to the material and spiritual life of human communities.
Bolivar, who worked the great heroic deeds that turned him into ‘The Liberator of peoples’ during his struggle for the freedom of the peoples of the Americas, urged them to create what he called “the greatest nation in the world: less for its extension and riches than for its liberty and glory.”
In Ayacucho, Antonio José de Sucre waged the last battle against the empire that for more than 300 years had transformed much of this continent into a royal property of the Spanish Crown.
That was the same America that tens of years later, after being divided in part by the rising Yankee imperialism, was called by Martí ‘Our America.’
We should remember once again that on May 19, 1895, a few hours before dying in combat for the independence of Cuba, the last bastion of Spanish colonialism in the Americas, Jose Marti prophetically wrote that everything he had done and would was to “…to timely prevent, with the independence of Cuba, that the United States could expand over the Antilles and fall with that additional force over our American lands."
In the United States, where the recently liberated thirteen colonies did not take long to expand disorderly to the West in their quest for land and gold, while exterminating indigenous populations, until they reached the Pacific coast, the agricultural and slave States of the South competed with the industrial States of the North that exploited wage labor in an attempt to create other States to protect their economic interests.
In 1848 Mexico was robbed of more than 50 per cent of its territory during a war of conquest launched against that country that was then militarily weak. The conquerors occupied the capital and imposed humiliating peace conditions. Mexico’s big reserves of oil and gas, which remained in the territory that was robbed, would later on be supplied to the United States for more than a century and in part they continue to be so now.
The Yankee filibuster William Walker, encouraged by “the manifest destiny” declared by his country, landed in Nicaragua in 1855 and proclaimed himself as President, until he was expelled by the Nicaraguans and other Central American patriots in 1856.
Our National Hero realized how the destiny of Latin American countries was being shattered by the rising United States Empire.
After Marti’s death in combat there was a military intervention in Cuba at a time when the Spanish army had already been defeated.
The Platt Amendment, which granted that powerful country the right to intervene in the Island, was imposed on Cuba.
The occupation of Puerto Rico - which has lasted for 111 years now- a country so called “Free Associated State” that is neither free nor a State, was another consequence of that intervention.
The worst was still to come for Latin America, as was confirmed by the ingenious premonitions of Marti. The growing empire had decided that the canal that would link the two oceans would go through Panama and not through Nicaragua. The Panama isthmus, the Corinth dreamed of by Bolivar as the capital of the biggest Republic of the world envisaged by him would be a property of the Yankees.
Despite that, the worst consequences were still to come in the course of the 20th century. With the support of the national political oligarchies, the United States became the owner of the resources and the economies of Latin American countries. Military interventions multiplied; military and police forces fell under the US aegis. The Yankee transnationals took control over the fundamental productions and services, banks, insurance companies, foreign trade, railways, ships, warehouses, electricity services and telephone services. Others, to a greater or lesser degree, were finally controlled by them.
It is true that the sharp social inequities led to the emergence of the Mexican Revolution in the second decade of the 20th century, which became a source of inspiration for other countries. The Revolution made it possible for Mexico to make progress in different areas. But the same empire that in the past devoured much of the Mexican territory is devouring today important natural resources it still keeps, cheap labor, and is even forcing the Mexican people to shed its own blood.
The NAFTA is the most brutal economic agreement imposed on a developing country. For the sake of brevity, it will suffice it to point out that the US Government has just stated that at a moment when Mexico has been hit by a double blow, not only because of its economic slowdown, but also because of the effects of the AH1N1 virus, the US would probably want to see a more stable economy before engaging in a long discussion about new commercial negotiations. And of course, not a single word is said about the fact that, as a consequence of the war unleashed by drug trafficking - for which Mexico has deployed 36 000 troops-, almost 4 000 Mexicans have died in 2009. The same phenomenon repeats itself to a greater or lesser degree in the rest of Latin America. Drugs not only cause serious health problems; they are also a source of violence which is causing lot of pain in Mexico and Latin America as a consequence of the insatiable US market, which is an infinite source of the hard currency that is used to foment the production of cocaine and heroine. It is the country that supplies the weapons used in that ferocious and unadvertised war.
Those who die in the territory between Rio Grande and the farthest corners of South America are all Latin Americans. Thus, the general violence is breaking new records of deaths. The victims, mostly because of drugs and poverty, surpass the figure of 100 000 a year in Latin America.
The empire does not wage the struggle on drugs within its borders; it is doing so in the Latin American countries.
In our country we do not grow coca or poppy. We efficiently combat those who attempt to introduce drugs in our country or use Cuba as a transit point. The number of persons who die as a result of violence is decreasing every year. And for that we do not need Yankee soldiers. The struggle against drugs is a pretext to establish military bases in the whole hemisphere.
Since when the vessels of the 4th Fleet and modern combat planes are used to combat drugs?
The true objective is to control the economic resources, the markets, and to struggle against social changes. Was there any need to re-establish that fleet which was demobilized after the Second World War, more than 60 years later, when the cold war is over and the USSR no longer exist? The arguments used for the installation of seven air and naval bases in Colombia are an insult to intelligence.
History will not forgive those who have been so disloyal to their own peoples or those who resort to the exercise of sovereignty as a pretext to harmonize this with the presence of Yankee troops. What sovereignty they refer to? The one conquered by Bolivar, Sucre, San Martin, O’Higgins, Morelos, Juárez, Tiradentes and Martí? None of them would have accepted such a repugnant argument to justify the granting of military bases to the Armed Forces of the United States, an empire far more dominant, powerful and universal than the Crowns of the Iberian Peninsula.
If as a consequence of such agreements promoted illegally and unconstitutionally by the United States, any government in that country uses those bases, as was done by Reagan during the dirty war, and Bush at the time of the Iraq war, to provoke an armed conflict between two sister nations, this would be a big tragedy. Venezuela and Colombia were born together in the history of the Americas, after the battles of Boyacá and Carabobo, under the leadership of Simon Bolivar. The Yankee forces could promote a dirty war as they did in Nicaragua, and even recruit soldiers of foreign nationalities trained by them and attack any country, but the combatant, brave and patriotic people of Colombia would hardly let itself be dragged into a war against a brother people like the Venezuelan.
The imperialists would be making a mistake if they equally underestimate the other Latin American peoples. None of them would agree with the presence of Yankee military bases; none of them will stop expressing its solidarity with any Latin American people that is been attacked by the imperialism.
Martí admired Bolivar very much, and he was not wrong when he said: “And that is how Bolivar is in the sky of America: vigilant and frowning…still wearing his campaign boots; because what he did not do, remains to be done still today: because Bolivar still has things to do in the Americas.”

Fidel Castro Ruz
August 9, 2009
6:32 p.m.

Silvio Rodríguez: Still Singing Challenging Songs

(PL) Art as a continual challenge keeps on being the premise of Cuban singer-songwriter Silvio Rodríguez, who in an interview shortly after the release of a Cancionero (Songbook), published by Ojalá publishing house, said: I am still interested in challenge.
His new songbook comprises more than four hundred tunes- one hundred of them unknown_ It also brings forward pieces included in his forthcoming disc.
This Songbook, illustrated with drawings made by the artist himself, summarizes four decades of constant task in song-writing, and piles up such popular themes as Sueño con serpiente, Pequeña Serenata diurna, La Maza, and Ojala, among other charismatic titles.
José Marti, whose imprint appears in some of his pieces, exerted great influence on his works and way of thinking, thus his acknowledging words concerning The Golden Age as one of his first readings; especially the release published by Emilio Roig in 1953 on occasion of Martí s centennial.
That historian had the good idea of introducing the book with a foreword depicting Martí s ethics from a very early stage. From that reading, the Martí accompanying me is the human being, the son, the friend, the comrade he was, plus the patriot endowed with cosmopolitan spirit. I am also taking his substantial and beautiful stanzas with me.
Songbook, a volume completing the artist s autobiographical portrait, bears many photos depicting various stages. Rodríguez points out the importance of lyrics- or poetry-, that he started to enjoy being a kid thanks to his father, a farmer who used to read Darío, Martí, Nicolás Guillén and others. His readings- he comments- went on with authors who shook me twice with abandon , such as Cuban José Zacarías Tallet, Eliseo Diego and Rubén Martínez Villegas, whom he regards a bedside one nowadays. Also César Vallejos, who condemned me to eternal fascination and Saint-John Perse.
On the last author in the aforementioned lineup, he tells an anecdote: I was in the barracks, and a rookie in love with the exuberant images was reading Perse out loud, and I became infested with it right away until now. Then he lent me a marvelous bilingual edition of Shakespeare s sonnets, which I stupidly gave him back 20 years later.
Love is a recurrent topic in Rodríguez s compositions so he wonders what human coupling would be all about without the so-called love songs, which are like a connecting thread toward all times and places; an inextinguishable theme renewed by each human group and stage with their characteristics.
Even his testimonial lyrics, far from any voluntarism and highfalutin tones, move along a string which is both intimate and confidential. Ever since I was a boy, I went into the street to support the revolutionary process enthusiastically, but when I started to sing I avoided making pamphlets. I am the kind of person who cannot put up with flattering what he respects.
Silvio, who concedes to have praised exceptionally- Canción urgente a Nicaragua being a good example-, affirms that the we identifying songs should be the need on the singer s part to say that he is part of a collective dignity.
He also says that from the very beginning he thought that songs topics and vocabulary had to be enlarged as they both seemed stale to him. Therefore, he looked for words that were seldom used to make songs with them. The search led him to expressions discriminated against by the prevailing morale. Hence, La era está pariendo un corazón was said to be counterrevolutionary because for some people the word to bring forth was immoral, much more if it was used in a song. That is , he said, declaring that I tried to sing and cry, live, love, war, pain, was little less than a sacrilege.
Last May 4, Rodríguez s visa to the United States for attending the homage paid to folk musician Pete Seeger on his 90th birthday was delayed so much, that he could not take part in it. Apart from being discriminated against, he adds: We have been at loggerhead for many years, and that has conditioned both parties. In the US, many mechanisms keep on working on the obsolete meaning of the cold war. The same happens in Cuba, but mollified by the fact that we have been the country historically attacked.
I would like to see what share of that change proclaimed by the new US administration is allotted to the Cubans living in Cuba. I would not like to believe that the good will of that government is only for those who want to live there or those who think like them.
Songbook puts forth tunes of his upcoming album Second date, among them, Tonada del albedrío, a song devoted to Che.
Silvio regrets that the collapse of Eastern Europe was followed by a media war distorting the meaning of human freedom and reducing the hopes of social changes to the most fateful experiences of real socialism . According to his view, Che is among the revolutionary examples that globalization is trying to wipe out, and Tonada del albedrío deals with three key aspects of Che s thinking.
Lastly, the troubadour, who made his debut one day after being discharged from military service on a prime-time TV program called Música y Estrellas, in 1967, bets on a new challenge: I must concede that I am still interested in singing what is challenging; what is forbidden is interesting, above all, when it goes beyond the little game of watching if you dare .

The author is a renowned Argentinean poet.

Who Pays for Yoani Sánchez’s Blog Therapy?

By Norelys Morales Aguilera

Some experienced bloggers argue that personal blogs are a therapy. For Yoani Sánchez, the therapy for her frustration is a clever communications product that is keeping right-wing, counter-revolutionary and other anti-Cuba elements really happy.
An objective look at the site and the author, as becomes serious journalism, raises many a suspicion.
Among the millions of blogs on the Internet on just about any subject, it cannot be a chance occurrence that Generation Y may have been chosen by Grupo Prisa, as is not the prominence surrounding any opinion by this madam, elevated to the rank of "an authorized voice" by the Spanish newspaper El País for any insult it may want to hurl at Cuba. Stepping over other arrivistes with no lesser “merits,” Yoani perfectly suits the needs of her employers in the cyber-dissidence: being a sort of “virtual contractor” who is on the scene yet avoids the “repression and censorship,” in the Cuban case, allowing her to grant interviews left and right and to post stuff on her site peacefully without disruption, as has been reported by the foreign press in Havana, even make surveys, as Yoani herself has explained.
Reviewing the arguments raised by fellow Cubans like M. H. Lagarde and Rosa Miriam Elizalde, some questions come to mind. These are not intended to be uncomfortable, just obvious.
1) How comes the US Treasury Department issued the order—accomplished on the spot—to vanish more than 80 websites somehow related Cuba on grounds that they promoted trade with the island and “violated U.S. law,” and it has not taken note of the money traffic via Yoani’s Internet site?
Generation Y carries in a prominent place a link to purchase Yoani’s book Cuba libre in Italian. This is something that anyone can do through PayPal, except a Cuban living in Cuba, because it contravenes regulations contained in the US blockade against the island, which is very clear regarding the prohibition on electronic commerce.
Many journalists without a steady job would certainly love to “have the skills” to use the administration tools and services, with payment gateway for electronic money transfers using credit cards. And let no one be mistaken: Generation Y has its Copyright © 2009 - All Rights Reserved, something no Cuban blogger can do from the Island
2) Who designed the blog’s technical support? Who is in charge of its maintenance? How much does it cost to customize this software? The site’s technical support, which serves this one blog almost exclusively, is the type of tool that is specially designed by a computer expert, whose annual salary is not going to be paid by Yoani through her royalties. Her “patriotism” does not go that far, although money would not be the problem for her.
According to data from Internet domains about the Desde Cuba portal, which hosts Yoani’s blog, it uses the Joomla system. This is a complex management system for dynamic websites and a content management system, whose modules can only be enabled by someone with advanced knowledge of computers. And this is, of course, not madam’s case.
3) While the Generation Y blog seems simple in its design, a blogger’s eye quickly finds this is no ordinary blog from the point of view of its technical requirements.
It has versions in 18 languages (not a simple translator installed by any blogger), a high traffic, with hundreds of comments under each post, and resources for Internet advertising and to store the site’s memory for a long time. Such features can only be kept by means of abundant funds. Just to handle the traffic that the page generates and the GBs of stored comments, in addition to the administration services, Generation Y would need to count on money, especially with servers in Europe, which are not free!
4) Who is Josef Biechele, Yoani’s old friend who for years has been charitably in charge of the Desde Cuba server outside of the country? He certainly must know how to subsidize the portal, hosted in a server of the company Cronon AG Regensburg, a subsidiary of Germany’s Strato.
If you visit the web site of this Internet provider at you will see that a common user, in this case a blogger, could not be among its clients.
The menu is not shown nor the price list, or the terms and characteristics of services. Why is it indicated that one needs to write to this "Professional IT-Services" company and directly ask how much it would cost to host a site there? This means that the service is offered via a direct contract and not promoted.
Cronon AG, it seems, does not rely in publicity and is confident enough that its potential clients will find the company online or come to it via recommendations. This highly unusual or exclusive approach to the telecommunications market raises suspicions regarding its client list.
5) Who pays for what Cronon AG reports as the features of its servers, in German? These are presented as follows:

• Total area of more than 3500 m2 (of net exhibition space)
split in 6 halls

• Bandwidth: External connections: 2 x 20 Gbit/s for the Freenet backbone, 1 x 10 Gbit/s for the DE-CIX Frankfurt, smaller connections of bandwidth of up to 155 Mbit

• 1 GBit input and output transport

• Start/Electric System:
48 and 230 volts in all ambits
Multiple redundant UPS units (split for each the 230 and 48 volts)

• Emergency power sources: 4 x diesel engines and 2 x diesel reserve engines
One megawatt power (6 megawatts total benefit)

• 45.000 litres of continually preheated gas oil in storage, readily available in 40 seconds

• 6 dedicated stations with a 1 megawatt transformer

• Access control:
24/7 segurity
Card reader
Written registration
This speaks of a server that can use “external connections: 2 x 20 Gbits/s.” In other words, it is not just another provider.
Even supposing that “the first world is full of these servers,” when applied to the Cuban reality by the grace of the US blockade—which is never criticized by Yoani—it shows that the site hosting the Generation Y blog has 60 times the bandwidth that the whole of Cuba has available for all its Internet users!
6) What was the company used to obtain the domain registration of Yoani’s blog? Well, it was simply GoDaddy, the company preferred by the Pentagon to register the sites it uses for its cyber war. GoDaddy is the anonymous, safer way to purchase a domain in the United States, the company says.
Why anonymous if such a registration is not expected to imply any crime? Why using the same strategy the Pentagon uses? How does Super Yoani manage to prevent GoDaddy from canceling her domain, just like another US registration company did in the case of dozens of sites which promoted cultural events and trips to Cuba? Why isn’t anybody talking of the restrictions Cuba faces—even under the Obama administration—in terms of e-commerce, thanks to the US blockade?
7) Interestingly enough, Yoani’s blog was the first one to promote the subversive Granpa Internet news service, at the address
She did not bother to disguise her relations with the Granpa sponsors who for this particular registration followed the same procedures used for the hosting and registration of the Generation Y blog in Europe-based servers.
The Granpa domain was created on June 9, 2009 under anonymous owners. Its server is based in Copenhagen, Denmark. The owner of the account that paid for the domain registered the address of a credit card in the fiscal safe heaven of Grand Cayman, according to public Internet registration data. The IP address hosting the site is, which belongs to the ISP Easyspeedy Networks.
Granpa is an exclusive service for Cuba, with the particularity that anyone can register a phone number working on the island without the approval of its owner. Those who own cell phones in Cuba do not receive any access code to confirm their acceptance to receive daily headline news, picked from three fiercely anti-Cuba papers: El Nuevo Herald of Miami and Cubaencuentro and Penúltimos Días of Spain.
Actually, this service is meant to send mass messages, even if the user has not requested, in open violation of standards protecting the privacy of Internet users and anti-spam regulations. As it is well known, international sms services are not a free choice for cell phones.
The Vodafone site, a provider of telecommunication services in Spain, shows that sending messages to other countries in Europe and abroad ranges between 1.16 and 2.50 Euros a message. You can check it at
Considering these rates, how much are these mass sms services from Europe to Cuba, under which bases are they sent, and who is financing them?
8) How many bloggers in the world have Spain’s Grupo Prisa as their manager? Why has Prisa, which is supposedly undergoing a hard financial crisis, been able to purchase Noticias 24—the most aggressive website against the Venezuelan government—and to pay Yoani a 15,000-Euro prize? No less than via the Ortega y Gasset Prize, traditionally granted to personalities in the field of arts, with a rich record in that field of knowledge, which is absolutely not the case here.
How comes Italy’s Rizzoli publishing house paid 50,000 Euros to an unknown “writer”? Such an amount of money was never given to, say, Alejo Carpentier, Jose Lezama Lima, or any other unquestionable figures of Cuban literature. The list adds some 100 other prizes, including a recent mention at the Maria Moors Cabot, of the University of Columbia.
I do not intend to accuse Yoani of being a mercenary, No way! She has already accused herself! The image they have designed for her is even supported by her lying self-proclamation of being a revolutionary, only that she is disappointed and frustrated, and all that goes because of her “suffering” and her therapy on her blog, which someone pays for, on account of her “great patriotic sacrifices” (money has no homeland).
Aren’t all those aforementioned facts reasons to think of a sophisticated kind of marketing strategy against Cuba? Could her blog have such large visibility without a strong economic support, hidden behind prizes?
Yoani does not speak to the average Cuban citizen, who might tell her to get lost, but she voices her whining through messages designed following the principles of the Pentagon’s cyber war, with wicked interests that we can not suppose she ignores, as she cannot ignore those financing the therapy for her frustrations.

jueves, 6 de agosto de 2009


I read and reread data and articles written by smart personalities, some better known than others, who publish in various media outlets drawing the information from sources nobody questions.
Everywhere in the world, the people living on this planet are taking economic, environmental and war risks due to the United States policies but no other region of the world as threatened by such grave problems as that country’s neighbors, that is, the peoples of this continent south of that hegemonic power.
The presence of such a powerful empire --with military bases, nuclear submarines and aircraft carriers; modern warships and sophisticated fighter planes that can carry any type of weapons, deployed in every continent and ocean; with hundreds of thousands of troops and a government that claims absolute impunity for them-- is the most important headache for any government, be it a leftist, rightist or center government, an allied of the United States or not.
The problem for those of us who are its neighbors is not that it is a different country with a different language. There are Americans of every color and background. They are people just like us with all kinds of feelings, in one sense or another. What is dramatic is the system that has been developed there and imposed on everyone else. That system is not new to the use of force and to the domination methods that have prevailed throughout history; what is new is the time we are living. Approaching the issue from a traditional perspective would be a mistake and no one would benefit. Reading and getting acquainted with the ideas of the advocates of the system can be very educational for it helps to become aware of the nature of a system which builds on a continuous appeal to selfishness and to the peoples’ most basic instincts.
Without convictions about the value of conscience and its capacity to prevail over instincts, it would not be possible to even speak of a hope for change in any period of the very short history of man. Neither would it be possible to understand the formidable obstacles lying in the way of the different political leaders of the Latin American or Ibero-American nations in the hemisphere. In any case, the peoples living in this part of the world in the last tens of thousands of years until the famous discovery of the Americas had no traits of the Latin, Iberian or European peoples and their features resembled more those of the Asian peoples where their ancestors had come from. Today, we can find them on the faces of the indigenous people in Mexico, Central America, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay and Chile, a country where the Araucanians wrote enduring pages. In certain areas of Canada and Alaska they still preserve their indigenous roots as purely as they can, but in the continental United States a large part of the ancient peoples was exterminated by the white conquerors.
As everybody knows, millions of Africans were uprooted from their land and brought to work as slaves in this hemisphere. In some countries like Haiti and a large part of the Caribbean Islands their descendants make up the majority of the population, and in some other countries they add up to large segments. In the United States, there are tens of millions of people of African descent who, as a rule, are the poorest and most discriminated against.
For centuries that country claimed privileged rights over our continent. At the time of Jose Marti, it tried to impose a single currency based on gold, a metal whose value has been the steadiest through history. In general, international trade was based on gold; but that is not the case today. From the days of Nixon’s administration, world trade developed on the basis of the paper money printed by the United States, the dollar, a currency worth today about 27 times less than in the early ‘70s; one of the many ways to dominate and defraud the rest of the world. At the present moment, however, other currencies are taking the place of the dollar in international trade and in the hard currency reserves.
Then, while the value of the empire’s currency is decreasing, its military forces’ reserves are increasing and the state-of-the-art technology and science monopolized by the superpower are largely directed to weapons development. Presently, it is not only the thousands of nuclear missiles or the modern destructive power of conventional weapons, but the guided planes piloted by robots. This is not just a fantasy. Some of these aircraft are being used in Afghanistan and elsewhere. Recent reports indicate that in a relatively near future, by the year 2020, --long before the Antarctic icecap melts-- the empire plans to have among its 2500 war planes, 1100 fifth-generation F-35 and F-22 fighter-bombers. Just to give an idea of that potential, suffice it to say that the aircraft used at the Soto Cano base in Honduras to train that country’s pilots are F-5, and the ones supplied to the Venezuelan air force --prior to Chavez-- and to Chile and other countries, were small F-16 squadrons.
Even more significant is the empire’s plan for the next 30 years anticipating that every U.S. combat aircraft, from fighter planes to heavy bombers and tanker planes are piloted by robots.
Such a military might is not a necessity of the world; it is a necessity of the economic system that the empire imposes to the world.
Anyone understands that if the robots can replace the combat pilots, they can also replace the workers in many factories. The free-trade agreements that the empire is trying to impose on the countries of this hemisphere mean that these workers will have to compete with the advanced technology and the robots of the Yankee industry.
Robots do not go on strike; they are obedient and disciplined. We have seen on TV machinery that can pick up apples and other fruits. The question could also be asked to the American workers. Where will the jobs be? What is the future that capitalism without borders, in its advanced development stage, assigns to the people?
In light of this and other realities, the leaders of UNASUR, MERCOSUR, the Rio Group and others cannot but analyze the very good question raised by Venezuela: What’s the meaning of the military and naval bases that the United States wants to set up around Venezuela and in the heart of South America? I remember that a few years back, when relations between Colombia and Venezuela, two sister nations bound by geography and history, grew dangerously tense Cuba quietly promoted significant steps leading to peace between them. Cuba will never encourage war between sister nations. Historic experience, the manifest destiny claimed and applied by the United States and the weak accusations against Venezuela about weapon supplies to the FARC, combined with the negotiations aimed at granting to the U.S. Armed Forces seven places in that territory to be used by their air and naval troops, are leaving Venezuela no other choice but to invest in weaponry the resources it could use for the economy, social programs and cooperation with other countries of the region having less resources and development. Venezuela’s military build-up is not aimed against the fraternal people of Colombia but against the empire which already tried to overthrow its Revolution and today intends to set up its sophisticated weapons near the Venezuelan border.
It would be a serious mistake to believe that only Venezuela is being threatened. Actually, every country in the south of the continent is under threat. Not one of them will be able to avoid the issue as some of them have already stated.
The present and future generations will pass judgment on their leaders for the way they conduct themselves at this moment. It is not only the United States, but the United States and the system. What does it offer? What does it want?
It offers the FTAA, that is, the early ruin of our countries: free transit of goods and capital, but not free transit of people. They are now afraid that the opulent consumerist society is inundated by poor Hispanics, indigenous people, black, mulatto or whites who cannot find jobs in their own countries. They return everyone who commits an offense or that they do not need; quite often these people are killed before they enter that country or returned like animals when they are not necessary. Twelve million Latin American or Caribbean immigrants remain in the United States illegally. A new economy has emerged in our countries, especially in the smallest and poorest: that of remittances. In times of crisis, this strikes mostly the immigrants and their families. Parents and children are separated, sometimes forever. If the immigrant is of military age, he is given the chance to enlist for fighting thousands of miles away from home “on behalf of freedom and democracy,” and if they do not get killed, on their return they are given the right to become US citizens. Then, as they are well trained they are offered the possibility of a contract, not as official soldiers but as civilian soldiers for the private companies that provide services to the imperial wars of conquest.
There are other extremely serious dangers. There are always news of immigrants from Mexico and other countries of our region dying as they try to cross the U.S.-Mexican border. The number of victims each year widely exceeds the totality of those who lost their lives in the almost 28 years of existence of the famous Berlin Wall.
But what is most incredible is that there is hardly any news in the world about a war that is taking thousands of lives every year. In 2009, more Mexicans have been killed than the number of American soldiers who died during Bush’s war on Iraq in the course of his administration.
The cause of the war in Mexico is the largest drug market in the world: the United States market. But there is no war going on in the American territory between the U.S. police and the military fighting the drug-traffickers. The war has instead been exported to Mexico and Central America, but especially to the Aztec country which is closer to the United States. Dreadful images of dead bodies are shown on TV while news keep coming in of people murdered in the surgery rooms where their lives were being saved. None of these images originates in the U.S. territory.
Such a wave of violence and bloodshed is expanding through the countries of South America, affecting them to a lesser or greater extent. Where does the money come from if not the endless source of the U.S. market? Likewise, consumption tends to expand to the rest of the countries in the region causing more victims and direct or indirect damages than AIDS, malaria and other illnesses put together.
The imperial plans of domination are preceded by huge sums of money assigned to the task of deceiving and misinforming the public. For this purpose, they have the full complicity of the oligarchy, the bourgeoisie, the rightist intelligentsia and the media.
They are experts in spreading news of the politicians’ mistakes and contradictions.
The fate of mankind must not be left in the hands of robots turned into people or people turned into robots.
In the year 2010, the U.S. government will promote its policy through the State Department and USAID spending 2.2 billion dollars –12 percent more than the Bush administration received in the last year of its second term-- and almost 450 million of them will be used to prove that the tyranny imposed on the world means democracy and respect for human rights.
They constantly appeal to the human beings’ instinct and selfishness; they despise the value of education and conscience. The resistance put up by the Cuban people throughout 50 years is evident. Resistance is the weapon that peoples can never give up. The Puerto Ricans were able to stop the military exercises in Vieques by standing on the site of the firing range.
Bolivar’s homeland is today the country they are most worried about for its historical role in the struggle for the independence of the peoples of the Americas. Cubans working there as healthcare and informatics specialists, educators, physical education and sports professors, agricultural technicians and specialists in other areas should do their best to fulfill their internationalist duty to prove that the peoples can put up a resistance and carry forward the most sacred principles of human society. Otherwise, the empire will destroy civilization and even the human race.

Fidel Castro Ruz
August 5, 2009
11:16 a.m.

miércoles, 5 de agosto de 2009

Cuba: More than Ever USAID Continues Investing in Subversion

By: Jean-Guy Allard

There’s an imperial offensive against the progressive Latin America which is growing stronger now towards the countries members of ALBA. In Cuba, not only the annexionist investments of Washington have not diminished, but they have grown and intensified through new technologies and means. Thus is affirmed by the Venezuelan investigator Eva Golinger when analyzing how the current North American administration is still trying to destabilize the Cuban Revolution through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the National Endowment for Democracy (NED). With such ends, says Golinger, the USAID carries out investments in the destabilization of the Cuban Revolution using two formats, explains the specialist who has been devoted during the last decade to study and expose the North American mechanisms of interference and subversion in Latin America. "Their main financing sources come from the Economic Support Fund, a financial division of the Department of State that finances USAID projects", she asserts. This fund has contributed 65 330 000 dollars to the so-called transition towards democracy in Cuba during the last two years. For year 2010, an extra of 20 million dollars are destined. According to USAID terminology, the money already delivered during years 2008 and 2009, an amount of 10 million dollars were directed to the area of "human rights", seven millions to promote "the political competition" and almost 49 millions for the "civil society."
It’s interesting that USAID also opened an Office for Transition Initiatives (OTI) for Cuba late in 2007, with the objective of carrying out "a work with the youth" and the “independent initiatives of media", points out the investigator. "To this purpose, they have contributed an additional fund of 8 383 000 dollars since 2008. The OTIs are USAID divisions dedicated to respond to political crisis in a quick fashion, in order 'to solve them' in favor of North American interests". The OTI manages liquid funds of dollars "in larger amounts, without undergoing much revision or accounting before the North American congress". One of these OTI offices was established in Venezuela in August 2002 to promote and consolidate the forces opposing the Bolivarian Revolution. Ever since, the OTI has financed and helped to create more than 450 NGO and political groups with funds exceeding the 60 million dollars.
This money is basically used to fuel conflicts and support the White House’s concealed interests.
USAID, the agency that began as the financial arm of the Department of State in year 1962 to take care of "humanitarian" issues, has become during the 21st century one of the main actors of the "counterinsurgency" under Washington’s new doctrine of Irregular Guerra. "Early in 2009 this doctrine was signed by the recently appointed president of the United States, Barack Obama, as part of his new politics of 'smart power', a politics that uses military power together with diplomacy, culture, communication, economic power, and politics." There are two great points of difference the traditional War and the Irregular War: the objective and tactics, asserts the Venezuelan-American lawyer. "The Traditional War pursues as objective the defeat of opponent armed forces, and the main tactics is the use of military power in its most traditional form, the combat and bombing. The Irregular War has as main goal the control over the civil population and the neutralization of the State, and its main tactics is 'counterinsurgency' which is the use of indirect and asymmetric techniques, like subversion, infiltration, psychological operations, cultural penetration, and military deceit". During the 21st century, the USAID has developed divisions within the agency that work together with the Pentagon, like the offices of Conflicts Management, Transition, and Reconstruction, Democracy and Governability, and Initiatives towards a Transition which are reorienting their work towards "counterinsurgency" efforts.
"Hence, the USAID has become the actor and main investor of the destabilization and penetration in the 'civil society' in countries strategically important for North American interests". In the case of Latin America, the figures of USAID financial investment in political groups and in the "promotion of democracy" are overwhelming. THE NED AND ITS CHAIN DE MERCENARY NGO
On the other hand, NED that was founded to do the work carried out by the CIA, but with a more legitimate image, has contributed 1 435 329 dollars to promote the destabilization in Cuba this year.
Thus explains Golinger when enumerating the groups benefited by this North American fund: Afro-Cuban Alliance (ACA), 82 080 dollars; Association Encounter of Cuban Culture, 225 000 dollars; Center for a Free Cuba (Frank Calzon), 54 222 dollars; Center for the International Private Company (CIPE), 157 526 dollars; the Committee for the Free Trade Unionism (CFTU), 150 000 dollars; the Democratic Governing body of Cuba, 275 000 dollars; CubaNet News, 42 000 dollars; Universal Dissident of Puerto Rico, 40 000 dollars; International Group for the Social Corporative Responsibility in Cuba, 236 730 dollars; People in Need (PIN), 129 451 dollars; People in Peril Association (PIPE), 43 320 dollars.
The great majority of these messy collections of organizations, groups, and small groups have been related in the past to CIA activities.
In spite of the promises, change of administration or not, Washington still continues to waste yearly hundred of millions dollars of taxpayer's money in this dirty war against Latin America.
There’s an imperial offensive against Latin America going on which is intensifying in these moments against the countries members of ALBA” said Golinger.
"One of the manifestations of this aggression is the so-called counterinsurgency as tactics to penetrate and infiltrate communities and promote the destabilization", highlights the author of the Chavez Code and The Imperial Spiderweb, the repertoire of intelligence activities of Washington in the continent and the world.
Cubasi Translation Staff

martes, 4 de agosto de 2009

Cuban Children Photo Exhibit in Japan

Tokyo, Aug 4 (Prensa Latina) A total of 140 Cuban children from different educational centers will exhibit their photos in this capital as part of a project fostered by Japanese photographer Hiraku Nagatake.
The initiative includes the exhibition of instant photos in the Tokyo Gallery Walk and the Konica Minolta Plaza this month.
The children went out to the street and took photos of the environment, in which was their first contact with photography. The images reflect the novel curiosity and talent of the authors.
Wonder Eyes Project is a creative and educational project by Nagatake, who has already started such an experience in Japan, Timor Leste, Uzbekistan, Australia, Brazil, Mozambique, Russia and other countries.

lunes, 3 de agosto de 2009

US Official Forced Hemingway to Flee Cuba

Havana, Aug 3 (Prensa Latina) Writer Ernest Hemingway left Cuba suddenly in July, 1960, forced by the US ambassador, says Cuban expert in the US literature bronze god's work.
There has been much speculation about his death in US territory, and also about the causes that led the famous writer to leave La Vigia farm in this capital, leaving all his belongings there, including some of his unfinished novel manuscripts.
Biographers of the writer hold that such decision was due to his frustration, faced with the Cuban Revolution.
However, expert Ada Rosa Alfonso Rosales, director of Ernest Hemingway Museum, asserted that Philip Wilson Bonsal, then US ambassador to Cuba, forced Hemingway to leave the Island, Juventud Rebelde daily said.
The director of the museum, located at La Vigia farm, has based her hypothesis on data found in "Running with the Bulls," a book by Hemingway's last secretary Valerie Dunby-Smith, now Valerie Hemingway.
Hemingway's last secretary, who became his daughter-in-law, because she married his son Gregory after the writer's death, stated it clearly in that text."
She also holds that when the writer arrived in the United States on July 25, 1960, he did not go to his shack in Sun Valley, but stayed in New York and traveled to Spain few days later on August 4.
Besides, he left all his unfinished work here, and a writer does not leave his work behind, even less a writer like Hemingway.
The expert also said the famous US writer had always returning in mind. It was not only about the material things he left.
Hemingway loved La Vigia farm. It was his place for writing and that to which he always returned. It was the place he was proud of.
He said he had 18 different kinds of mango trees there and it was close to Havana and Cojimar, where he used to go sailing on his yacht Pilar.
She also recalled that Hemingway never had problems with the Cuban government, even when he was in the United States, he talked to some of his friends to ask about his possible return and they said he could come back whenever he wanted to.
In one of his books, we found an armband of the 26 de Julio Movement, to which he contribute money.
Hemingway, winner of the 1954 Literature Nobel and the 1953 Pulitzer prizes, shot himself twice in the head on July 2, 1961. Such event is still being the subject of debates nowadays.

viernes, 31 de julio de 2009

Confronting challenges serenely and with more determination than ever

PRESIDED over by Raúl Castro Ruz, second secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC), the 7th Plenum of the Communist Party of Cuba took place on July 29.The agenda of this important meeting included issues related to the functioning of the Party, defense, and immediate measures needed to confront the impact on our country of the economic crisis which is affecting all of humanity.Invited to the plenary were members of the Councils of State and Ministers, first secretaries of the PCC in the provinces, and cadres of the mass organizations who are not currently members of the Central Committee of the Party.


During the morning and part of the afternoon, participants in the meeting received full information on the extended meeting of the National Defense Council that took place last June 26.As it is known, the principal objective of that meeting was to take stock of actions undertaken from 2003-2008 to increase the country’s defense capacity, in line with agreements adopted by an extraordinary Plenum of the PCC on July 15, 2003, given the threat of aggression looming over the island and scenarios that could occur in the future.The extraordinary Plenum was convened at a moment of euphoria on the part of the U.S. administration over the rapid initial victory in Iraq, summed up in Bush’s "mission accomplished" speech, which he gave on the deck of an aircraft carrier on May 1, 2003, and the proclamation 20 days later of a aggressive and arrogant plan against Cuba, including the appointment of "transition coordinator," as if nothing had changed since 1898, when the victory of the Cuban Mambi forces was stolen and a military governor installed.The results of the Bastión 2004 Strategic Exercise, the 5th Plenum of the Party’s Central Committee on July 1, 2006 and periodic visits to provinces and municipalities to assess progress on assigned tasks, confirmed that national defense achievements had exceeded expectations and moreover facilitated detailed projections of work for the next few years.A well-conceived policy and plans, in conjunction with systematic and cohesive work, were key to attaining the proposed objectives aimed at strengthening the country’s defense, based on the strategic concept of the War of All the People, drawn up by Commander in Chief Fidel Castro, and which has steadily demonstrated its validity during the close to 30 years of its existence. It has given appropriate direction to the efforts and dedication of millions of compatriots, from the principal civilian and military cadres to the most modest citizen.Speaking on the subject, the second secretary of the Party affirmed that those positive results are the fruit of good work on the part of everyone and constitute a great experience. He recalled that since the disappearance of the USSR, the country has acquired very few armaments; efforts were directed at upgrading existing ones, thanks to the efforts of scientists, specialists and workers from both the Revolutionary Armed Forces and the economic sector. He noted the importance of continuing to strengthen the nation’s defense, taking into account its real economic possibilities.The Central Committee accordingly agreed to support all the conclusions reached and projects drawn up by the National Defense Council.In continuity with the work undertaken, the Bastión 2009 Strategic Exercise is to take place at the end of this year. The current plan is to carry out this important activity every four years. Thus, while it was initially planned for November 2008, it was decided after the hurricanes to postpone the exercise and concentrate on recovery tasks.


Marino Murillo Jorge, vice president of the Council of Ministers and minister of economy and planning, informed the plenum of the difficult situation confronting the national economy in the first six months of this year, given the combined impact of the world economic and financial crisis and damages stemming from the hurricanes in late 2008.He noted that this situation required an initial reduction of the annual plan in April, which downsized projected growth of the gross domestic product to 2.5%. He explained the central adjustments to be analyzed on July 30 by the Council of Ministers, which include further downsizing of 2009 economic growth, to 1.7%.He listed the premises to be met by economic activity up until the end of the year and particularly in 2010, which will be equally difficult. These include the decentralization of provisions for the goods and services that contribute the most income to the country, guaranteeing that every productive increase is linked to the reduction of imported goods, and the search for innovative formulas that will release productive potential.In reiterated comments, Raúl stated that we have not as yet managed to extend the solidness of our national defense to the equally important economic front, which is also essential to national security, given that while ideas chart the course, the reality of figures is decisive.He confirmed that the Revolution is determined to confront the serious negative effects of the complex situation of the world economy and those deriving from our own shortcomings.He emphasized the need to strengthen the Party, given its role in that crucial battle, and for controls to ensure that every agreement adopted is fulfilled; if not, they will turn into a dead letter. He noted the importance of every citizen understanding that the measures will be difficult and not at all pleasant, but they simply cannot be put off. "Our people know how to rise in the face of difficulties," he affirmed. When the population has been informed of these realities, they understand them better and take part consciously in solving problems. He gave as an example the situation produced by excess electricity consumption in the first few months of the year, and the rapid and positive reaction to the measures implemented.He warned that nobody, much less a leader, has the right to shut themselves away in the narrow confines of his or her environment; everybody is obliged to think and contribute to the solution of the country’s problems.He pointed out that false unanimity is pernicious and debate and healthy disagreement must be encouraged, because the best solutions generally come out of such discussions. Ideological work must present sound arguments, propitiate an exchange of ideas and eliminate superfluity, bluster and simple repetition of slogans.He spoke of efforts underway to produce food for the people at a time when high prices persist on the international market and in order to be in a position to confront even more complex situations. He reiterated that this is an issue of maximum priority, given its direct impact on national security. "It is necessary to continue simultaneously waging the battle in the political, economic and defense terrains," he stated. He added that everything that has been attained in increasing the country’s defense capacity confirms that when appropriate measures are adopted and their execution is correctly controlled, results are obtained.He noted that the modest advances being obtained in production and services demonstrate the enormous existing reserves in our society that are still waiting to be exploited.He highlighted the importance of order and discipline, institutionalism, clear establishment of the duties and powers of every post and, above all, of convincing people of the need to work in order to satisfy their aspirations.The Plenum approved the report submitted by Marino Murillo, ratified the policy laid down by the Political Bureau and government on the decisive economic front, and reaffirmed the vital need to achieve the active and conscious participation of workers and all the people in their materialization.


In reference to holding the 6th Party Congress, Raúl argued that this cannot be just another event. He observed that, given the law of life, it will most probably be the last headed by the historical leadership of the Revolution.He added: "The things that we have been discussing are very serious matters. The principal issue is the economy, what we have done and what needs to be improved or even eliminated, because we are confronting the imperative of working out what the country really has at its disposal, how much we really have to live on and develop.""The first thing we have to do is finish preparing the Party, and then discuss everything with the people as a whole, and only then should we convene the Congress, when that whole process has concluded," he stated."If we want to have a real congress, one that is seeking solutions to problems and looking to the future, that’s the way we have to do it. It has to be the people, with their Party in the vanguard, who decide," Raúl affirmed.It was therefore agreed to postpone the 7th Party Congress until this crucial stage of prior preparation has been completed.
Translated by Granma International

Benicio del Toro Received Tomas Gutierrez Allea Award

Actors Benicio Del Toro, left, James Caan, center, and Robert Duval sit at the National Union of Writers and Artists of Cuba in Havana

The Puerto Rican actor Benicio del Toro received in Cuba the International Cinema Award Tomas Gutierrez Allea granted by the Cuban Association of Writers and Artists (UNEAC).
The recognition, consistent in the a piece of painter Agustin Bejarano, was given to him by Miguel Barnet, UNEAC president, during a ceremony held in Martinez Villena room, of that institution.
Del Toro was also accompanied by outstanding North American actors like Robert Duvall, James Caan, and Bill Murria besides the producer Steve Bing.
Benicio declared that this award would be shared with the Cuban artists, because all of them are in the same ship and he feels proud and small when receiving it, since Gutierrez Allea is a personality that influenced him greatly since he watched his film The Death of a Bureaucrat.

jueves, 30 de julio de 2009

The FBI does not know Posada Carriles?

By M. H. Lagarde

A cable from the AP says that "anti-terrorism officials are alarmed by an outbreak of extremist Americans who travel abroad to receive training and then return to the country, where they often recruit people for their cause.
"According to this source, the FBI and the Department of Homeland Security are very concerned about the danger posed by Americans who travel abroad in disguise to learn terrorist techniques and then return to the country, where they begin recruit for future attacks.
"The concern of the American security services were unleashed Monday when the FBI arrested Daniel Patrick Boyd, age 39, and accused him of leading a group of people that were planning attacks. "The case highlights our concern about individuals returning to the United States after receiving training and advocacy in combating terrorists abroad ''said Justice Department spokesman Richard Kolko.
"It is a pity that such "concerns" and "alarms"are only generated by terrorists who were trained outside their territory and not those who were trained by previous administrations on their own territory. One of the latter is the case of the notorious terrorist Cuban-born Posada Carriles, who has many years of total freedom in Miami thanks to the accessories subterfuge of American justice.
Or the FBI does not know Posada Carriles and obviously the torture training practices received at the School of Americas or the use of explosives acquired during his service in CIA which does not represent any danger to national security of United States.

How American Antiwar and Solidarity Movements in 60s Impeded an Effective Invasion of Cuba


July 26, Cuba’s most important holiday, is the commemorative date in 1953 when Castro and his forces unsuccessfully stormed the government stockade at Moncada and ignited the Cuban revolution. On a day like today, it should be noted that Americans made a successful Cuban invasion impossible with a campaign of determined resistance.
Antiwar and solidarity activists came together to protect the Cuban revolution during the era of 1960-1963 - the era of the Bay of Pigs, the Cuban missile crisis, and the JFK assassination - in significant part due to organizations such as the Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC). Professor (and CISPES activist) Van Gosse has done groundbreaking research to make a good argument that this period really was the birth of the New Left.
The release in the last few years of thousands of CIA and FBI files reveals that this resistance was central in preventing a successful invasion of Cuba. Like most activist organizations, the FPCC had approximately a three-year life cycle - after that period, many of the core activists had returned to Cuba or have moved on to other pressing causes. In the period from 1960-1963, recently released documents show the powerful conflict between the forces of agitation (the FPCC and its allies) and the forces of provocation (the CIA, FBI and military). This conflict ended with a political landscape that made any future US invasion of Cuba impossible. This story is not founded on a theory about who killed JFK, but rather examines an overlooked conflict.
The story below is largely set in New York City, the headquarters of the FPCC, and the revelation here of a key informant’s identity explains how different threads of this drama weave together. As the Church Committee said in the seventies, informants are used to “raise controversial issues” and “to take advantage of ideological splits in an organization.” Many of the documents are hidden to protect the identity of the informants, while the world is deprived of the history of how these informants were used to protect the US national security state.

An April 1960 New York Times advertisement paid for by the Cuban government led to the formation of the FPCC
The founder and first leader of the FPCC was Robert Taber, a CBS newsman who was befriended by the Santos Buch family when they learned that Taber was interested in telling the rebels' side of the story about Castro and his followers. With the help of the Santos Buch family, Taber obtained a rare exclusive interview with Fidel Castro while he was up in the mountains fighting in 1957. This interview became the basis of the CBS Special Report “Rebels of the Sierra Maestra: The Story of Cuba’s Jungle Fighters and his renowned book on the rebels: “M-26: Biography of a Revolution”. “M-26" refers to the aforementioned storming of Moncada on July 26, 1953.
Working with CBS newsman Richard Gibson, they decided to run a full page ad in the New York times in order to make a statement on the importance of the Cuban revolution. Taber and Santos-Busch went so far as to raise the money for the ad by obtaining a big donation from the Cuban government with the assistance of Raulito Roa, the son of Cuban UN foreign minister Raul Roa.
The advertisement caused a minor sensation in a number of different circles. The authors were flooded with more than a thousand letters of people ready to take action. Besides the timeliness of the appeal, it was signed by other leading lights in the literary community: Simone de Beauvoir, Jean-Paul Sartre, Norman Mailer, Dan Wakefield, even Truman Capote. African Americans were prominent in the call - besides newsman Richard Gibson of CBS, it was also signed by the historian John Henrik Clarke, novelists James Baldwin, Julian Mayfield and John O. Killens, and the soon-to-be-famous Southern activist Robert F. Williams. Other supporters in this period included Linus Pauling and Allen Ginsberg.
The ad also caught the attention of the CIA's Cuban affairs head William Harvey, whose love of alcohol and firearms caused many to ask if he was the role model for Ian Fleming's James Bond. Two days after the ad ran, William Harvey bragged to FBI counterintelligence chief Sam Papich. “For your information, this Agency has derogatory information on all individuals listed in the attached advertisement.”
Harvey was the head of Task Force W, a brigade of 2000 Cubans, a navy of speedboats, and 400 Americans based at CIA headquarters and the JM/WAVE station in Miami. JM/WAVE may have been the largest CIA base in history. Huge quantities of arms and munitions passed through its gates. The JM/WAVE station directed a wide range of operations against Cuban shipping, aircraft and industrial sites.
The Socialist Workers Party and the Communist Party were able to work together within the FPCC, marking a break from a bad history going back to the Depression era when 20,000 Communist supporters marched through the streets to denounce their Trotskyist competitors. Berta Green of the SWP was able to provide deep experience from her organizing efforts in Detroit and more recently in New York City. Richard Gibson was a bridge to people like Robert Williams, Leroi Jones, journalist William Worthy and other black activists in making the equation between African American militance and solidarity with Castro and Cuba's largely black population. Within six months, the FPCC had 7000 members in 27 "adult chapters" and 40 student councils on various college campuses with emerging student leaders such as Saul Landau and Robert Scheer. When Fidel met Malcolm X and other community leaders at the Hotel Theresa in Harlem during the late summer of 1960, it was the social event of the year in New York for African Americans and radicals alike.
In December, 1960, William Worthy released the documentary “Yanqui, No!”, with a camera crew that included the legendary D.A. Pennebaker and Albert Maysles. After doing a national tour for Fair Play, his work led to an indictment for traveling to Cuba - imposed on no other journalist. “The Ballad of William Worthy” earned a spot in the Phil Ochs canon:
William Worthy isn’t worthy to enter our doorHe just came back from Cuba, he’s not American anymoreBut it seems awfully funny to hear the State Department sayYou’re living in the Free WorldIn the Free World you must stay.
Sensing a deepening problem, the anti-Castro forces countered by investigating the funding of the initial ad, calling the FPCC leaders before a Congressional committee, the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee with the appropriate-sounding name of "SISS". It was also known as the Eastland Committee; at the time, James Eastland was probably the most racist senator in the United States. The SISS was so powerful that its chief prosecutor Julian Sourwine had been known in the 48-state era as the "97th Senator".
On January 6, 1961 Santos-Buch told Sourwine in executive session that he and Taber had received the needed money from "eight different people". The documents reveal that Santos Buch changed his story on January 9 at a subsequent executive session, and that he was also given a promise that the CIA would help get a number of family members out of Cuba. On January 9, Santos Buch changed his story, at least in part because of his desire to extricate his family from Cuba. On January 10, Santos Buch publicly admitted that the Cubans provided the crucial $3500 needed to place the NYT ad. A week later, Jane Roman from James Angleton's counterintelligence office in the CIA reported that security concerns made it too dangerous for the CIA to keep its promise to Santos Buch. Taber had gone to Cuba the previous month, in December 1960. For obvious reasons, he now felt it was a good idea to stay. He passed on his executive secretary duties to Richard Gibson, covered the ensuing Bay of Pigs invasion, and was wounded by mortar shells in the effort. Meanwhile, CIA operatives David Phillips and James McCord (of Watergate fame) ran an illegal domestic surveillance on the FPCC throughout the year of 1961 until the FBI apparently got wind of it while they began their own operation. The CIA then backed away from the FBI’s turf for a period of time. During this same period, Phillips was running an anti-Castro media campaign in New Orleans. Phillips was the recent recipient of the CIA’s Intelligence Medal of Merit for the disinformation campaign he ran in Guatemala that paved the way for the successful 1954 coup - it was stated that “this achievement has no parallel in the history of psychological warfare”.

The upsurge of protest against the Bay of Pigs invasion in the United States
Some people could sense the Bay of Pigs coming, but the FPCC sounded the alarm. After the Nation magazine warned about it in explicit terms during November of 1960, the LA chapter held a press conference to get the word out. They “called upon Congress to investigate immediately the widespread reports indicating that the Central Intelligence Agency is implicated in the training of armed forces for an invasion of Cuba. Persistent reports from Guatemala, Nicaragua and Florida of invasion forces in these areas being tied to the CIA raise into question U.S. observance of the principle of nonintervention into the domestic affairs of other countries.”
At what is described by Van Gosse as a "massive inaugural rally of San Francisco Fair Play" in January 1961, the anarchist Beat poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti wrote an homage to Castro and Walt Whitman that sums up the passions of many people during this era.
One Thousand Fearful Words for Fidel Castro
I am sitting in Mike’s Place trying to figure out What’s going to happenwithout Fidel Castro Among the salami sandwiches and spittoonsI see no solutionIt’s going to be a tragedyI see no way outamong the admen and slumming modelsand the brilliant snooping columnistswho are qualified to call Castro psychoticbecause they no doubt are doctorsand have examined him personallyand know a paranoid hysterical tyrant when they see onebecause they have it on first handfrom personal observation by the CIAand the great disinterested news services…I see no answerI see no way outamong the paisanos playing poolit looks like Curtains for FidelThey’re going to fix his wagonin the course of human events...
The radio squawkssome kind of memorial program:“When in the course of human eventsit becomes necessary for one peopleto dissolve the political bondswhich have connected them with another—“I see no way outno escapeHe’s tuned in on your frequency, Fidel…
History may absolve you, Fidelbut we’ll dissolve you first, FidelYou’ll be dissolved in historyWe’ve got the solventWe’ve got the chaserand we’ll have a little partysomewhere down your way, Fidel It’s going to be a GasAs they say in Guatemala…
Here’s your little tragedy, FidelThey’re coming to pick you upand stretch you on their StretcherThat’s what happens, Fidelwhen in the course of human eventsit becomes necessary for one people to dissolvethe bonds of International Tel & Teland United FruitFidelHow come you don’t answer anymoreFidelDid they cut you off our frequencyWe’ve closed down our station anywayWe’ve turned you off, Fidel
I was sitting in Mike’s Place, Fidelwaiting for someone else to actlike a good LiberalI hadn’t quite finished Camus´ Rebelso I couldn’t quite recognize you, Fidelwalking up and down your islandwhen they came for you, Fidel“My Country or Death” you told themWell you’ve got your little death, Fidellike old Honest Abeone of your boyhood heroeswho also had his little Civil Warand was a different kind of Liberator(since no one was shot in his war)and also was murderedin the course of human eventsFidel...Fidel...your coffin passes bythru lanes and streets you never knewthru day and night, FidelWhile lilacs last in the dooryard bloom, Fidelyour futile trip is doneyet is not doneand is not futileI give you my sprig of laurel."
In the immediate aftermath of the Bay of Pigs in April 1961, the FPCC’s national influence was at its highest point.
"Actions with up to 2,000 outside the United Nations began the same day as the invasion and lasted throughout the entire week of the crisis, culminating in a rally of perhaps 5,000 in Union Square on 21 April - the largest left wing demonstration there or anywhere else in the US since the execution of the Rosenbergs, and one also unprecedented in that a young Communist and a young Trotskyist shared the same public podium, brought together by the 26th of July."...Meanwhile, San Francisco saw demonstrations in which students played a leading role. Coordinated actions on various Bay Area campuses on 19 April were followed by a student-only rally of 2,000 in Union Square on 20 April, and an equally large all-ages Fair Play demonstration...(where protesters) spontaneously took to the streets of the downtown area to march to the offices of Hearst's virulently anti-Castro San Francisco Examiner, an unheard thing to do in those days."
Elsewhere, there was violence inflicted on numbers of Fair Play protesters. Meeting halls were shuttered in Los Angeles, Detroit, Newark and Tampa. Campuses came alive with lively actions at Cornell, Swarthmore, Madison, Berkeley, City College, Yale, the University of Michigan and Oberlin.
On April 27, Hoover himself ordered his agents to focus on pro-Castro activists, stating that the FPCC illustrated "the capacity of a nationality group organization to mobilize its efforts in such a situation so as to arrange demonstrations and influence public opinion.”

Right after the Bay of Pigs, the FBI organizes a campaign of disruption against the FPCC
In response, FBI man number three Cartha “Deke” DeLoach began a well-documented red-baiting campaign against the FPCC during May 1961. "As part of his counterintelligence responsibilities, DeLoach developed a "Mass Media Program" that included over 300 newspaper reporters, columnists, radio commentators, and television news investigators."
Meanwhile, during that same month, something very odd was going on in Havana. Dr. Enrique Lorenzo Luaces told Army Intelligence that Taber introduced him to “Lt. Harvey Oswald, an arms expert” while having drinks at Sloppy Joe's, better known as the "Sardi's for spies". When the FBI interviewed Taber, he denied knowing Oswald. A popular position to take, especially since the common wisdom is that Oswald was continuously in the USSR between 1959 and 1962.
During June, 1960, a few months after Oswald's defection to the USSR in late 1959, J. Edgar Hoover himself sent a memo to the State Department alerting it to the possibility that an imposter was using Oswald's identity. Hoover was tipped to the problem by a telegram from Harold F. Good at the New York field office. Former Cuban Prime Minister Tony Varona testified to a House committee that he believed Oswald was in Cuba during 1961. There is a long and well-documented history of reports involving individuals impersonating Oswald, no matter where one stands on the JFK assassination.

The FBI uses Victor Vicente, the head of the FPCC’s Social Committee and informant T-3245-S*, to build a criminal case against Gibson
Back in Washington DC, SISS was now focusing its attention on Richard Gibson, issuing a subpoena for him to come to Washington and testify. They wrote a letter to INS, asking them to take action to stop Gibson from leaving the country before his testimony. INS explained that American citizens were virtually never given such a “stop” order without a directive from the Secretary of State. Within a matter of hours, such a directive was issued against Gibson. Gibson spent years abroad in the 1950s in expatriate circles, and this directive was a serious blow to his freedom.
In Gibson’s first appearance in April, 1961, he told SISS that "on behalf of myself and the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, and speaking personally for myself and many other American Negroes, I can only express delight at the utter and dismal defeat of this act of international banditry." The SISS, licking its wounds, ordered him to come back with the FPCC membership list. When he came back on May 16, he provided the mailing list, and claimed that there was no way to separate the FPCC members from those who were on the mailing list. This infuriated the committee. The FBI was asked to take action to obtain whatever membership list could be found, as well as anything else that would expose Gibson to perjury charges. They immediately ordered a mail cover on Gibson's home at 788 Columbus Circle. On May 21 and 22, Special Agents Patrick Lundquist and Harold Hoeg went inside the FPCC offices and photographed the list provided to them by informant T-3245-S*. The identity of T-3245-S* has been the subject of serious speculation over the years, especially because the “S” is a symbol for a political informant.
With the flood of new documents released by the government in the wake of the JFK Act, I can confirm with confidence after long and careful study that the identity of this informant is Victor Thomas Vicente, who was the head of the Social Committee for the FPCC. As the one willing to do the difficult work of fundraising, he was given special trust. Vicente’s work proved invaluable.
The dean of the study of FBI “black bag jobs”, also known as “break-ins” or “surreptitious entries” for many years has been Athan G. Theoharis, professor of history at Marquette History. In a black bag job, the documents are photographed rather than stolen, so that the target does not know that its privacy has been compromised. William Sullivan justified them in a letter to the Director’s office in 1966: “Such a technique involves trespass and is clearly illegal; therefore, it would be impossible to obtain any legal sanction for it. Despite this, “black bag” jobs have been used because they represent an invaluable technique in combatting subversive activities...aimed directly at undermining and destroying our nation.”
Theoharis credits the FBI for eight black bag jobs to the FPCC, far more than suffered by any other group in his study. He discovered an initial black bag job at the FPCC NY headquarters during January, 1961, which I have not yet located in the FBI records on-line. The second one is clearly during the weekend of May 22-23, 1961.
The purpose for the entry was to obtain evidence to contradict Gibson’s testimony to SISS about the FPCC membership list and to the Fair Play publication. In the material provided by Vicente in May, 1961, a voluminous mailing list was included in this material, but the agents reported that there was no way to determine whether a code system was being used on this list in order to designate members or subscribers – names of members of student groups were also provided, but no membership list and no list of subscribers to “fair play” was included in this material. Thus, this material could not be used to support a perjury charge against Gibson.
However, the data was used to focus on FPCC operatives in Dallas, Tampa and Miami (major cities in the southern United States). What is fascinating is that the NY office mailed the relevant portions of these mailing lists to Miami got the mailing lists on 6/16/61, Dallas got the lists on 6/19/61 in a letter from “FED” in the New York office to Dir. FBI urging an investigation of the principal FPCC leaders in the area. Shortly after, Miami was asked to bring the Tampa office into the hunt. The Tampa FPCC had hundreds of members during this period, due to the pro-Castro workers in the nearby cigar factories. The president of the chapter during this time, VT Lee, later became Gibson's successor as the last national FPCC head. It seems like the FBI wanted the focus to be on FPCC members in the vicinity of Cuba. Within days, the FPCC mailing list were circulating in right-wing circles such as the Mississippi Sovereignty Commission and the Florida Legislative Investigation Committee.

Taber returns to the USA, leaves the FPCC, is hounded by the red-hunters, but curiously not charged with perjury - while Gibson seeks recruitment by the CIA in exchange for money
Taber returned to the US during the end of 1961. The stories were various: One was that he was "homesick"; another was that Cuban currency was not convertible into American dollars. In any case, Taber claimed that he could return "quietly". He was subpoenaed in short order. He resigned from the FPCC in February, and spoke with the CIA and FBI on 3/19/62. On 4/10/62, he had to testify again before SISS, this time in executive session, where he was confronted with his testimony that clashed with Santos-Buch about the source of the money for the ad. Despite the committee's fury at Taber, he was never charged with perjury. Instead, his testimony was publicly released in June 1963. Many people claim that Taber had gone over to the CIA at this point. The real question is more subtle - it isn't whether he asked to be an informant, but whether his offer was ever accepted.
In a dramatic incident during the summer, Gibson's problems with money finally got the best of him. On July 16, 1962, Richard Gibson wrote a letter to Thornton Hagert of Falls Church, VA, the stepbrother of Philip Reiss of the Dept. Of Agriculture. Gibson writes in the letter that Reiss told him in the past that he is a former CIA employee. Gibson wants to make contact with the CIA, and suggests either the 799 Broadway office or his home. (201-306052) (also see redacted version at 105-93072-80)
On July 24, 1962, the Nationalities Intelligence Section get the OK to interview Gibson. On August 16, 1962, Gibson is interviewed by NY agents Hoeg and Day. James Day writes the report in October, after Gibson skipped the country heading for Algeria in 9/12/62 - some say "just ahead of an indictment" but I'm not convinced any indictment was in the works based on these records. Gibson initially went to Canada, and there is no sign of pursuit or even concern by his departure by the intelligence agencies.
Although I don't see anything in the file indicating a push for indictment of Gibson, Gibson's story to Lee was that the Cuban Mission told him that indictment was imminent. From reviewing the documents, it seems like this was Gibson's cover story.
"On September 15, 1962, NY T-1 advised that on the evening of September 14 Ted Lee (also known as VT Lee) advised that Gibson's departure from the United States was unexpected. Lee told the source that someone from the CMUN (the Cuban Mission to the UN) had contacted Gibson and had told Gibson that things were getting hot for Gibson in the United States and that it would be necessary for Gibson to go to Canada for a short time. According to what Lee told NY T-1, the employee of the CMUN gave Gibson an envelope and instructions. Lee further stated that when Gibson got to the Cuban embassy in Ottawa, Canada, Gibson was told that he should go to Algeria with the result that Gibson left Ottawa, Canada by plane on September 13, 1962 headed for Algeria. Lee stated that Gibson told him of this when Gibson called Lee from Ottawa, Canada on the evening of September 12, 1962. Lee further advised T-1 that very few people know of the involvement of the CMUN in this matter and that NY T-1 should keep it secret."
Gibson says he will assist the FBI for money, as he finds the FPCC no more than a translation service and the whole leftist movement "ineffective and inconsequential". He adds that the Cubans are stupid and he hates stupidity, and that the Communists have failed to help the Negro race.
Hoeg discusses in his report that he will submit the New York office’s “recommendation for both a tactical and strategic plan to be implemented to disrupt, dissolve, or at least neutralize the FPCC as a subversive organization”.
Another report on this interview says: “We advised Attorney General (Robert F. Kennedy) re (Gibson’s) interview with New York office on 8/16/62 (redacted) wherein he wanted money to denounce FPCC and wanted US to grant fugitive Robert Williams immunity from prosecution if he returned from Cuba. We told AG Gibson was untrustworthy and we were not initiating any more communication with him. Data herein will be given AG, as well as CIA and State Department, which agencies are aware of the previous interview.”
FBI reports Gibson is in Algeria, speculates that Gibson may have been picked up by the CIA as an informant, but a handwritten note by Austin Horne of the CIA says no. Chief of the Nationalities Intelligence Section Raymond Wannall told his boss domestic intelligence chief William Sullivan that Gibson is very untrustworthy and the approach has to be to accept any info he provides but not to run Gibson as an informant.
A later document confirms that neither the FBI or the CIA would accept Richard Gibson’s help at that time: "Gibson indicated that he was willing to publicly denounce the FPCC, say he was duped, that the FPCC is a tool of the Cuban government, that it is ineffective, and anyone still remaining loyal (to the FPCC) was just wasting his time, or any other tactic subsequently determined to be the most effective course of conduct. However, there was an undertone that he expected to be paid for any efforts in this regard. He stated that it was his personal opinion that it would be much more effective to use the FPCC as a cover for intelligence and counter-intelligence purposes, but when questioned for his specific thinking in this regard, he commented only that this could possibly be worked out later." Gibson clearly had some weak moments.

The Cuban missile crisis - protesting against the end of the world
At this point, during October, 1962, the world was in the full grip of the Cuban missile crisis. Even when protesting against the end of the world, FPCC activists did not get a lot of support, but the show of resistence made the powers that be even more irrational.
From Ron Ridenour's on-line book, Our America:
I later learned that everyone in the United States was scared to death, even my friends. There were daily air raid drills—practice drills for children and workers in air raid shelters, stacked with food and water supplies. Hoarding became a national characteristic with rushes on supermarkets. The American people were preparing for a world war; they were not acting to prevent one. A few thousand rare souls braved the government-mass media-panic-created atmosphere to take up picket signs. There were a few demonstrations. The largest mustered about 10,000 people. They marched before the United Nations plaza with slogans: “US-USSR, No War Over Cuba”, and “Hands Off Cuba.” The latter, more “radical” demand was opposed by the social democratic part of the tiny minority who protested US bellicosity. The American working class—the population as a whole—shunned the left-wing like pariahs. As Simone de Beauvoir wrote in Force of Circumstance, “To be genuinely left-wing in the United States takes a great deal of character and independence as well as openness of mind...(they are) lonely and courageous men and women.”
Van Gosse mentions that the FPCC-led demo in New York on October 27 drew about 2500, and the SANE-led one the next day had about 8000 participants. San Francisco FPCC led the biggest one on the West Coast, with about 3500. These were among the few actions led by FPCC that month - the organization was already much smaller and weaker than during the Bay of Pigs eighteen months earlier. On October 8, the FPCC did put together a picket line at the UN with 200 participants, where they were attacked with bottles of red paint, rotten eggs and other objects.
The FBI "expanded its Security Index, establishing a special "Cuban Section" that included not only names of suspected Cuban agents operating in the United States, but also of people who had participated in organizations or picket lines that supported Castro. Nearly twelve thousand persons were included on the main index and another twenty thousand in two reserve indexes - all of whom were targeted for arrest as "potentially dangerous" in the event of an "internal security emergency".
Oh, yes, the Security Index is still around, under another name. After 1971, the Security Index became ADEX during the 70s. From the 80s on, it's been known as "Main Core". There's been progress, of a sort - now, 8 million Americans are apparently on the round-up list.
So members of the FPCC were on the Security Index, but not Oswald. He was placed on the FBI’s watchlist (a level of slightly lesser severity, denoted by a “Wanted Notice Card”) shortly after he relinquished his passport at the US embassy in Moscow. This would be lifted a month before the assassination, as shown below.
At the same time, Oswald became a subject of the CIA’s mail-reading project “HT LINGUAL”. Thus, even though no CIA file was opened on Oswald for more than a year, Angleton’s CI-SIG unit was reading his mail, ostensibly because he was a defector that might be contacted by the Soviets.
Right at the time of the final Bay of Pigs prisoner exchange, the FBI and Vicente conduct a key black-bag job at the FPCC office.
During April, 1963, Vicente reports the contents of the FPCC bank statements from Chase for the months of January through April 1963. Lee is the person who can authorize withdrawal from the bank account. The FBI agents are still trying to develop volunteer Ed Linton as a source. During this month, Victor Vicente stated that Vincent Lee had telephonically contacted him and asked that the NYC FPCC take care of the month's rent of the FPCC office.
Lee was on a speaking tour for the month of April, and assured his colleagues that Ed Linton would handle the office Monday-Wednesday, Lee’s wife Marjorie Speece would handle the office Thursday, and that the office would be closed on Friday. The FBI agents entered on April 21, 1963 - a Sunday. Lee's final words on the subject were that "Victor Vicente will handle anything of importance that happens during his absence."
4/18/63 is the postmark date of the letter sent from Dallas by Oswald to the national FPCC office in New York, according to a It refers to “photographs of the below listed material made available by NY 3245-S* on 4/21/ the event any of this material is disseminated outside the bureau, caution should be exercised to protect the source, NY 3245-S*, and the communication should be classified “Confidential”.
The FPCC notes stating that 50 pieces of literature were forwarded to LHO on 4/19/63. Lee informed the FBI that the notation was written by him - but all the evidence is that he was out of town at the time. It was a meaningless and stupid falsehood, and he was probably covering for his ally Vicente in an absent-minded fashion.
On 4/21/63, Vicente “made available records and correspondence currently maintained at FPCC Headquarters…Approximately 100 photographs were taken of this material…NYO will make appropriate dissemination when the film is developed.”
Hoover biographers Dr. Anthan G. Theoharis and John Stuart Cox have a copy of the FBI NY office’s “Surreptitious Entries” file, maintained “informally” in the SAC’s personal folder, which says that “the FBI did break into the FPCC offices during April, 1963".
On April 21, 1963, Vicente - advised that Lee H. Oswald of Dallas, Texas, was in contact with FPCC of New York City at which time he advised that he passed out pamphlets for the FPCC.”

Under the wing of the CIA, informant Victor Vicente goes to Mexico City and meets Castro and Che
The document that tells us what was Vicente's award for all of his hard work is a 7/10/63 memo by CIA’s Louis de Santi of the counterintelligence division of the Special Affairs Staff (SAS) which states: “(T)he FBI informant (blank) is an American-born (blank) born in NYC (blank). He has been under FBI control for nearly three years penetrating the three pro-Castro organizations in NYC: the Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC); the Casa Cuba, and the Jose Marti Club. Through the first two years Subject was only a marginal asset, in the last six months he has become a valuable penetration for the FBI into the above 3 organizations as well as the (blank) having apparently won the complete confidence of the pro-Castro leaders and Cuban officials. (blank) Recently he was asked to join the CPUSA…subject has been instructed by his Cuban superiors to take a camera with him to take pictures of Cuba for organizational meetings in NYC.”
The LAD/JFK Task Force wrote an analysis in the 70s that DeSanti debriefed the informant upon his return to the US, and there is a reference that there were interviews with Castro and Che Guevara.
In The Road to Dallas, author Robert Kaiser names the document quoted above that identifies Vicente: “In July 1963, the agency infiltrated an informer from the New York chapter of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, a Puerto Rican named Victor Thomas Vicente, into Cuba, probably through Mexico City. Vicente declined to settle there, as the CIA hoped he might, but he met both Castro and Che Guevara and was debriefed after he returned.”
Upon his return to New York, Victor Vicente showed a slide show of his recent trip to Cuba on September 23 with about 100 persons in attendance. The FPCC was still soldiering on with hundreds of people attending the various New York forums, but it appeared to be reaching the end of the three year life cycle that is the natural fate of most activist-oriented organizations. Cuba was no longer in the news on a regular basis. Getting the travel ban reversed seemed hopeless in the political climate of the era. The FPCC was undergoing more and more infiltration - some of the FBI reports refer to as many as forty informants. But the intelligence agencies’ plans to make the FPCC look bad were to blow up in their face.
Throughout this period, CIA and Mafia forces were trying to assassinate Castro
Trafficante (Tampa), Marcello (Dallas) and Johnny Roselli (Chicago) had the motive to assassinate Castro, and they worked with CIA operatives like William Harvey to get it done. In the wake of the missile crisis, such an operation had to be done in secret. Officials like William Harvey of Task Force W, Deputy Director of Plans Richard Helms, and Desmond Fitzgerald of the Special Affairs Staff had not informed the CIA Director about some of their plots, which forced them to cover up after the JFK assassination. Harvey testified to the HSCA that he and Helms concealed the Castro assassination plots from the CIA director.
David Morales, the Chief of Operations at JM/WAVE, was involved in all of the numerous CIA actions against Castro in 1963. CIA documents show that Morales was at an early AMTRUNK meeting at a “safe house in Washington, D.C.”, along with “Tad Szulc, New York Times reporter”, someone from the State Department, and two other CIA agents, before the CIA and AMTRUNK apparently went their separate ways in April. One of the more spectacular efforts happened on March 13, 1963, when Morales and “Colonel” Rosselli’s team tried to assassinate Castro from a house near the University of Havana by firing a mortar...bazookas, mortars and machine guns were taken. Demond Fitzgerald handed poison to another operative to kill Castro on the very day that JFK was shot.
The Kennedys had their own projects for a coup or to push the Soviets from Cuba
Kennedy also met with CIA officials in May 1962 and told them not to join forces with the Mafia without personally contacting him.
As quietly as possible during 1963, the Kennedy brothers were brewing their own Cuban disruption campaign. They had a two-track strategy: A coup launched from foreign shores if necessary, or an agreement with Castro to rid the island of Soviet influence. Working with a separate wing of the CIA than those supporting the Cuban exiles, this project was known as AM/WORLD.
The leaders of this effort were Manuel Artime and Harry Ruiz-Williams, with the CIA’s Harry Hecksher as the main case officer. The plan to create this junta in exile was picked up by the Associated Press as early as May 1963. By October, JFK had approved thirteen new sabotage missions as well a project called AMTRUNK proposed by New York Times correspondent Tad Szulc to enlist Cuban military officers into the coup effort. Although many referred to Artime as the Kennedys’ “Golden Boy”, it is revealing that the CIA referred to him as AM/BIDDY-1.
Oswald joins the FPCC and meets the CIA’s David Phillips of the anti-Castro forces, who is involved in a deceptive operation designed to counter the FPCC in foreign countries
During this same period Oswald used the opportunity to build up his resume as the head of his one-man FPCC chapter in New Orleans, culminating in an arrest and widespread TV coverage in August as he picketed on behalf of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee and outraged his Southern neighbors. The arrest for breach of the peace grew out of a contrived fight between Oswald and the anti-Castro DRE, after what looked like a deliberately clumsy effort by Oswald to pose as an ant-Castro activist to infiltrate the DRE. Oswald even wrote VT Lee and described the fight several days before it actually happened. The head of the DRE was David Phillips.
At the beginning of 1963, the Cuban disruption program Operation Mongoose is abolished with Harvey’s departure. Harvey’s Task Force W now becomes the Special Affairs Staff (SAS).
Throughout 1963, David Morales of the CIA’s Special Affairs Staff (SAS) was one of the coordinators of operations against Castro (including new assassination projects), and to maintain contact with Cubans and other enemies of the Kennedys.
That autumn, when CIA agent David Phillips became Chief of Cuban Operations in Mexico City, he became one of these SAS coordinators. Phillips was in effect rejoining the officers he had worked with on the Bay of Pigs in 1961, at which time he had been responsible for propaganda operations against the newly-created Fair Play for Cuba Committee. The SAS was packed with people who wanted to invade Cuba and saw JFK as an impediment.
During September, Alpha-66 Cuban exile leader Antonio Veciana met with David Phillips and Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas at the lobby of the Southland Building for fifteen minutes. Oswald was talking about “something that we can do to kill Castro.”
On 9/16/63, John Tilton of the CIA asked the FBI to help obtain FPCC stationery and any existing foreign mailing list in order to have a sample “to produce large quantities of propaganda in the name of the (FPCC)” in order to “counter” their activities in foreign countries.
Tilton also said that the CIA was considering planting “deceptive information” which might “embarrass” the FPCC in areas where it has some support. Tilton assured the FBI that no "fabrication" would take place without advance notice and agreement.
The CIA request was directed to the “Nationalities Intelligence Section” -to chief Raymond Wannall. Its analogue in New York was Harold Hoeg's Squad 312. “The reply to CIA should be delivered via Liaison.”
On 9/26/63, a memo then went out to SAC NY from LL Anderson on behalf of Director Hoover. “New York should promptly advise whether the material requested by CIA is available or obtainable. If available, it should be furnished by cover letter with enclosures suitable for dissemination to CIA by liaison.”
This is right when Lee Harvey Oswald left for Mexico City for a week, and repeatedly visited the Soviet and Cuban embassies in an unsuccessful quest for a visa to get to Cuba. Wasn’t this the foreign FPCC activity the CIA was gearing up to counter? Transcripts of calls that were supposedly made by Oswald to the Cuban embassy reveal conversations so contrived that it is obvious that an imposter was making these calls. Photographs and a tape recording made available to members of the Warren Commission showed that someone impersonated Oswald in Mexico City. Even Hoover said it to LBJ the morning after the assassination.
The 10/4/63 response from SAC NY James Kennedy reiterated his understanding that "CIA desires information regarding the availability of samples of FPCC stationery and FPCC mailing lists in connection with their consideration of plans to counter the activities of FPCC in foreign countries. The NYO plans to contact 3245-S* (Vicente) on 10/27/63."
The attached blind memo is a COINTELPRO letter suggesting that VT Lee should be asked “how many dupes are still contributing to Castro’s propaganda arm here in the US…his fervor for Castro’s cause is directly related to the amount of funds being received.”
Angelton’s aide Jane Roman stated that the man who “takes over Cuban operations in WH/3/Mexico on the 8th of October 1963 is named David Phillips.” The PR man who was key in bringing down the Guatemalan government now has a second chance at getting Cuba right.
The next day after Phillips takes over Cuban operations in Mexico, October 9, FBI supervisor Marvin Gheesling canceled a FLASH notice on Oswald that had kept him on the aforementioned Watchlist among all FBI offices. As mentioned earlier, Oswald was placed on this Watchlist due to his defection to the USSR in 1959 and his statements to the US embassy that he was going to provide military secrets to the Soviet Union.
When Gheesling canceled the FLASH just hours before the twin October 10 cables were sent by the CIA containing critical information about Oswald, he “turned off the alarm switch on Oswald literally an instant before it would have gone off”. Gheesling's explanation for why he released the “stop” on 10/9/63 is contained in a memo to FBI #2 man Clyde Tolson from Inspector Gale: The “stop was placed in event subject returned from Russia under an assumed name and was inadvertently not removed by him on 9/7/62 when case closed.”
James W. Douglass, a Catholic theologian who has pondered this question, suggests that Gheesling may have been misled by Tilton's memo "into thinking Oswald was only working under cover in Mexico to counter the Fair Play for Cuba Committee. As a CIA operative, Oswald did not belong on the Security Index. Thus, his security watch was lifted. His staged Soviet connection could then be documented for scapegoating purposes after Dallas, but without sounding a national security alarm that would have put a spotlight on Oswald and prevented Dallas from happening."
The next day, the CIA sent two totally conflicting documents. One was a teletype to the FBI, State Department and the Navy about Oswald contacting the Soviet embassy in Mexico City, inaccurately describing him as “approximately 35 years old, with an athletic build, about six feet tall, with receding hairline...believed that Oswald was identical to Lee Henry Oswald", a seeming error made by the CIA in their initial filing of 1960 when the CIA finally (and mysteriously) opened a file on Oswald a year after his defection and his threat to reveal military secrets to the Soviets.
The other document was a cable sent two hours later to the station in Mexico: "Oswald is five feet ten inches, one hundred sixty five pounds, light brown wavy hair, (and) blue eyes." This description came from his mother to the FBI’s John Fain years earlier, which then ricocheted back and forth between INS, the FBI and CIA for years after that, although Oswald’s weight only varied between 130-150 and was 150 at the time of his death. The description sent to the FBI, the State Department, and the Navy is a deliberate lie.
The wording of this cable was repeated to the Dallas police officers almost verbatim in a mysterious call-in to the dispatcher fifteen minutes after Kennedy was shot: “white, slender, weighing about one hundred sixty five pounds, about five feet ten inches tall, and in his early thirties.” Despite repeated attempts to find out the source, even J. Edgar Hoover had to admit that the information came from “an unidentified citizen”.
Both of these messages were drafted by Mexico City desk officer Charlotte Bustos, while a key role in checking for accuracy was played by Ann Egerter of Angleton’s CI/SIG mole-hunting unit (the woman who opened the 201 file on "Lee Henry Oswald") This may have been as part of a larger strategy to confuse the FBI, with the goal to withhold information about its anti-Cuban operations in Mexico City. Egerter admits that she thought Oswald “was up to something bad” and that she knew he had spoken with a KGB agent at the Mexican embassy.
Vicente comes through for the CIA on October 27
Right on October 27, as predicted in the NY FBI memo earlier that month, Vicente came through. He provided the Agency with the FPCC stationery they sought, as well as a ten page mailing list. He also provided them with "one hundred photos of the financial records and general activities", which included a recent letter from Oswald.
In any case, Vicente brought home the bacon. Special Agent James Kennedy wrote that he was "...advised that CIA was interested in obtaining samples of FPCC stationery and also the existing foreign mailing list of FPCC. On 10/27/63, NY-3245-S* furnished the above material to agents of the NYO...3245-S* is a highly confidential source, the unauthorized disclosure of which could be prejudicial to national defense interests.”
After the assassination, Taber, wracked with guilt, appears to have gone over to the other side
"At approximately 9:45 pm on the night of 11/22/63, ROBERT TABER telephonically contacted the NYO at which time it was immediately evident TABER had been drinking heavily He at first asked to speak with SAS JAMES A DAY and LUNDQUIST, who had previously interviewed him in Boston and NY, and then spoke to HAROLD HOEG. He was regretful, saying he wished he had never heard of the “damned outfit” the FPCC. Told him they wanted him to cure his perjury about the Cuban funding, he said he wanted to but didn’t want to go back to jail, he’s “got four years under his belt” (note: to the SISS, he told them he did eight years) FBI told him it was the best way to avoid prosecution. Taber called HOEG again on 12/5, and had a similar conversation.
The CIA and the Assistant AG Yeagley discussed plans to have a grand jury sit on 1/15/64 and prosecute Taber for perjury about Cuba's Raul Roa being the source of FPCC's original 1960 start-up ad, as well as failure for FPCC to register, based on his statements to Lundquist on 11/22 while intoxicated.
But, instead, FBI founder Robert Taber is interviewed by Lundquist and O'Flaherty, and offers to provide info to the CIA, and even called back Lundquist on information about another case - almost certainly the report about seeing "Lt. Harvey Oswald" in Cuba after the Bay of Pigs invasion. Taber admitted that he checked out of hospital on crutches in third week of April, 1961 and went to Sloppy Joe’s tavern in Havana, but denied knowing anything about Lt. Lee Oswald or anyone named Oswald. Taber affirms that he’s willing to assist the US government. A situation can be created to make it look like he’s fleeing to Cuba to avoid prosecution. When Taber was interviewed by CIA, the agency initially said it was very interested in Taber’s offer. It is to be noted that both newspaper articles in the accompanying letterhead memo feature the possible prosecution of Taber, Gibson, and Lee.Like with Gibson, the CIA apparently got cold feet. On March 2, 1964, Henry Real said that CIA plans to use Taber are “indefinite”. During March 1964, Robert Taber applied for employment with the CIA. The CIA's Office of Security rejected him because "In view of Subject's notorious background, which raises serious questions on his honesty, loyalty, integrity and (deleted) trustworthiness, (deleted). Leo J. Dunn." Wannall grumbled to Sullivan a couple of months later that they should empanel a grand jury against Taber if he goes to Cuba as he has discussed.During 1965, Taber released his classic work on guerilla insurgency, War of the Flea. Ominously, this book was reprinted in 2002 by Potomac Press, with a new foreword by Bard E. O'Neill, a military counterintelligence author. The book is now a standard reference for the US military on counterinsurgencies.
In 1966, it appears that the plan Taber discussed with the CIA may have ripened into fruition. The CIA reported that Robert Taber asked for and received political asylum in Cuba. Allegedly, he was facing prison due to perjury before the Internal Security Committee.
Taber, like Gibson, clearly had some weak moments.
Virtually all the FBI agents named here were among the 18 punished by Hoover, and then chosen to lead the investigation into the assassination
18 FBI agents were punished by Hoover for their pre-assassination work. Lundquist and Hoeg of New York were two of them. At an HSCA hearing Gale stated, “Tolson called me on two of the agents in New York they (the Warren Commission or the FBI) found had, they felt, were derelict in the way they had reported the matter, and he asked me if we had found those...and I told him that, yes, we had found those.”
Hoover believed that Oswald's background as a Soviet defector (and marrying the daugther of a Soviet intelligence officer) triggered espionage concerns; and his FPCC activism triggered security concerns. The FBI files available to Hoover also revealed that Oswald had initially threatened to provide US military secrets to the Soviets in exchange for citizenship and that he was presently a self-declared Marxist.. For these reasons, Hoover felt that Oswald should have been on the Security Index, and certainly should not have been removed from the Watchlist.
The others punished included Gheesling for removing the FLASH, Elbert Turner for not taking action on the CIA memo received the day after Gheesling removed the FLASH, and Hosty, Kaack, and Lambert L. Anderson for not following up more aggressively. Fain would have been punished, but he retired in 1962. Nevertheless, the same men proceeded to lead the post-assassination investigation as well.
As soon as the investigation was over, the FBI knew what it had to do to protect its role in history. The Director's office told New York that since Warren Commission had issued its report, “you are now authorized to mail an updated copy of the letter previously submitted. Include a number of spelling and typographical errors in the letter and use commercially purchased stationery. Use every possible precaution to ensure that the letter cannot be traced to the FBI”. Originally submitted for approval three months earlier was a hit-piece on the “left-wing background and moral degeneration of Mark Lane”.
The FPCC legacy remains a powerful one
The FPCC provides a legacy of resistance. It was an antiwar organization and a solidarity organization, much like CISPES (Committee in Support of People of El Salvador). Berta Green, to this day, continues to organize against the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. It is still a force in present day America - when co-founder Alan Sagner was nominated as head of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Senator John McCain red-baited him about his history with the FPCC. (Sagner said good things about the founding of the FPCC, and then weaseled out with, “Within a year of two after the group was organized...I perceived that people were getting involved whose purpose and mission was different than mine.”)
Fair Play stood in solidarity with Cubans, and also with African Americans. Cubans helped build it, and part of the reason for the FPCC’s decline is that so many of them went back to Cuba.. Some people fell or lost faith in the struggle; some were strengthened; and some we won't be sure about until all the files are opened.
The work of the FPCC and its allies made any successful invasion of Cuba impossible. They blew the whistle on the Bay of Pigs loudly and clearly for months before the invasion. They mounted resistance to the war plans of US military and intelligence advisors in the Bay of Pigs aftermath. The agencies retaliated by infiltrating the FPCC and demonizing its leadership. When JFK was allegedly killed by the FPCC activist Lee Harvey Oswald, the agencies had to hide their war plans from the Warren Commission in order to avoid punishment for public exposure of their illegal plans to assassinate Castro, violate the Neutrality Act by creating shadow armies and navies, and engage in dirty tricks on American citizens exercising their First Amendment rights. The Kennedys’ AMTRUNK operation never regained its momentum and slowly petered out to a close by 1966.
LBJ was petrified that any Cuban connection with Oswald could result in World War III. That’s how he persuaded Warren to chair the Warren Commission. LBJ didn’t know, and didn’t want to know, any details about the assassination. The net result was to greatly ease the heat on Cuba.
Many of these activists are still alive and with their shoulders bent in defense of Cuba, such as Saul Landau. Lawrence Ferlinghetti still operates the City Lights Book store in North Beach and continues to inspire at the age of 90. Many others are unknown to anyone but their loved ones. After the hard stories about that era, it heartened me to know that Rosa Parks came to Robert F. Williams' funeral in 1996 (he made it back to the USA in 1969, where all charges were ultimately dropped), and gave thanks that a warrior that faced so many dangers in the defense of the people was able to return home with his family and live a long and happy life. Think about what didn't happen to Fidel.
Fidel...Fidel...your coffin passes bythru lanes and streets you never knewthru day and night, FidelWhile lilacs last in the dooryard bloom, Fidelyour futile trip is doneyet is not doneand is not futileI give you my sprig of laurel."

Bill Simpich is an antiwar activist in the San Francisco Bay Area. The endnotes, with weblinks to the documents, are available with an email to To see other historical documents from the sixties and seventies involving US intelligence and military plans, is a great resource.
Source: Counterpounch